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shunt

[shuhnt] /ʃʌnt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to shove or turn (someone or something) aside or out of the way.
2.
to sidetrack; get rid of.
3.
Electricity.
  1. to divert (a part of a current) by connecting a circuit element in parallel with another.
  2. to place or furnish with a shunt.
4.
Railroads. to shift (rolling stock) from one track to another; switch.
5.
Surgery.
  1. to divert blood or other fluid by means of a shunt.
  2. the tube itself.
6.
to move or turn aside or out of the way.
7.
(of a locomotive with rolling stock) to move from track to track or from point to point, as in a railroad yard; switch.
noun
8.
the act of shunting; shift.
9.
Also called bypass. Electricity. a conducting element bridged across a circuit or a portion of a circuit, establishing a current path auxiliary to the main circuit, as a resistor placed across the terminals of an ammeter for increasing the range of the device.
10.
a railroad switch.
11.
Surgery. a channel through which blood or other bodily fluid is diverted from its normal path by surgical reconstruction or by a synthetic tube.
12.
Anatomy. an anastomosis.
adjective
13.
Electricity. being, having, or operating by means of a shunt:
a shunt circuit; a shunt generator.
Origin of shunt
1175-1225
1175-1225; (v.) Middle English schunten, shonten to shy (said of horses); (noun) Middle English, derivative of the v.; akin to shun
Related forms
shunter, noun
unshunted, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for shunt
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Its function is to shunt the lift out of the gas, and this it will do without watching.

    With The Night Mail Rudyard Kipling
  • Look at that meter—and I've had to throw in number ten shunt!

    Spacehounds of IPC Edward Elmer Smith
  • All right,” he answered, endeavoring to look unconcerned, “shunt us off.

    Chasing an Iron Horse Edward Robins
  • It would be cowardly to shunt this wretched task off on somebody else.

    Walter and the Wireless Sara Ware Bassett
  • Clear the fishing fleet and shunt the Florence to the rocks with the wind and current.

    El Diablo Brayton Norton
  • Well, we can shunt Mr. Hiltze off 273 a little, if you wish.

    Eve to the Rescue

    Ethel Hueston
  • But it was not her habit to spare herself, or to shunt her duties.

    Mollie's Prince

    Rosa Nouchette Carey
British Dictionary definitions for shunt

shunt

/ʃʌnt/
verb
1.
to turn or cause to turn to one side; move or be moved aside
2.
(railways) to transfer (rolling stock) from track to track
3.
(electronics) to divert or be diverted through a shunt
4.
(transitive) to evade by putting off onto someone else
5.
(transitive) (motor racing, slang) to crash (a car)
noun
6.
the act or an instance of shunting
7.
a railway point
8.
(electronics) a low-resistance conductor connected in parallel across a device, circuit, or part of a circuit to provide an alternative path for a known fraction of the current
9.
(med) a channel that bypasses the normal circulation of the blood: a congenital abnormality or surgically induced
10.
(Brit, informal) a collision which occurs when a vehicle runs into the back of the vehicle in front
Word Origin
C13: perhaps from shunen to shun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for shunt
v.

early 13c., "to shy, start," perhaps from shunen "to shun" (see shun), and altered by influence of shot or shut. Meaning "to turn aside" is from late 14c.; that of "move out of the way" is from 1706. Adopted by railways from 1842. Related: Shunted; shunting.

n.

1838, in railway use, from shunt (v.). By technicians in the sense of "electrical conductor" from 1863. Medical use dates from 1923.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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shunt in Medicine

shunt (shŭnt)
n.
A passage between two natural body channels, such as blood vessels, especially one created surgically to divert or permit flow from one pathway or region to another; a bypass.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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