- Mineralogy. any of the largest group of mineral compounds, as quartz, beryl, garnet, feldspar, mica, and various kinds of clay, consisting of SiO2 or SiO4 groupings and one or more metallic ions, with some forms containing hydrogen. Silicates constitute well over 90 percent of the rock-forming minerals of the earth's crust.
- Chemistry. any salt derived from the silicic acids or from silica.
Origin of silicate
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for silicate
In this case, silicate in the ash melts as it hits the hot turbines of the engine and shuts it down.Volcanic Ash: The Extraordinary Air Travel Emergency
April 15, 2010
The next layers of the same fiber are moistened with silicate of soda.
A silicate base creature could easily have formed a shell of it about itself.The Beast of Space
Enamel; silicate and stannate or antimoniate of potash or soda, and lead.
Silicate of soda is also used to impart similar characteristics.From Paper-mill to Pressroom
William Bond Wheelwright
A silicate of aluminum and the rare chemical element beryllium.Geology
William J. Miller
- a salt or ester of silicic acid, esp one of a large number of usually insoluble salts with polymeric negative ions having a structure formed of tetrahedrons of SiO 4 groups linked in rings, chains, sheets, or three dimensional frameworks. Silicates constitute a large proportion of the earth's minerals and are present in cement and glass
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for silicate
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- Any of numerous compounds containing silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals; a salt of silicic acid.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- Any of a large class of chemical compounds composed of silicon, oxygen, and at least one metal. Most rocks and minerals are silicates.
- Any mineral containing the group SiO4, either isolated, or joined to other groups in chains, sheets, or three-dimensional groups with metal elements. Micas and feldspars are silicate minerals.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.