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SINS

[sinz]
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noun
  1. a gyroscopic device indicating the exact speed and position of a vessel, as indicated by differences in positions over a given period on a given course, as well as the direction of true north.
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Origin of SINS

s(hip's) i(nertial) n(avigation) s(ystem)

sin1

[sin]
noun
  1. transgression of divine law: the sin of Adam.
  2. any act regarded as such a transgression, especially a willful or deliberate violation of some religious or moral principle.
  3. any reprehensible or regrettable action, behavior, lapse, etc.; great fault or offense: It's a sin to waste time.
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verb (used without object), sinned, sin·ning.
  1. to commit a sinful act.
  2. to offend against a principle, standard, etc.
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verb (used with object), sinned, sin·ning.
  1. to commit or perform sinfully: He sinned his crimes without compunction.
  2. to bring, drive, etc., by sinning: He sinned his soul to perdition.
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Origin of sin1

before 900; (noun) Middle English; Old English syn(n) offense, misdeed; akin to German Sünde, Old Norse synd sin, Latin sōns guilty; (v.) derivative of the noun, replacing Middle English sin(i)gen, syn(i)gen, Old English syngian, itself derivative of the noun
Related formssin·like, adjectivesin·ning·ly, adverbsin·ning·ness, nounun·sin·ning, adjective

Synonyms

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1. trespass, violation. 2. wrong, wickedness. 4. transgress, trespass.

Synonym study

1, 2. See crime.

sin2

[seen]
noun
  1. the 22nd letter of the Hebrew alphabet.
  2. the consonant sound represented by this letter.
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Origin of sin2

First recorded in 1895–1900, sin is from the Hebrew word śīn

sīn

[seen]
noun
  1. the 12th letter of the Arabic alphabet.
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Origin of sīn

From Arabic

Sin

[seen]
noun
  1. the Akkadian god of the moon: the counterpart of the Sumerian Nanna.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for sins

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • As she said all this, Hester felt like a hypocrite, remembering her own sins.

    Weighed and Wanting

    George MacDonald

  • I must make it clear to myself that He does not shut me out of His heart because I am guilty of sins.

  • Out of your bed and down on your knees to your own blessed father, and confess your sins.

    Weighed and Wanting

    George MacDonald

  • But Moxy did not know anything about sins, and just as little about heaven.

    Weighed and Wanting

    George MacDonald

  • Sins against this Second Commandment are common, but not small sins.


British Dictionary definitions for sins

sin1

noun
  1. theol
    1. transgression of God's known will or any principle or law regarded as embodying this
    2. the condition of estrangement from God arising from such transgressionSee also actual sin, mortal sin, original sin, venial sin
  2. any serious offence, as against a religious or moral principle
  3. any offence against a principle or standard
  4. live in sin informal (of an unmarried couple) to live together
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verb sins, sinning or sinned (intr)
  1. theol to commit a sin
  2. (usually foll by against) to commit an offence (against a person, principle, etc)
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Derived Formssinner, noun

Word Origin

Old English synn; related to Old Norse synth, Old High German suntea sin, Latin sons guilty

sin2

preposition, conjunction, adverb
  1. a Scot dialect word for since
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sin3

noun
  1. a variant of shin, the 21st letter in the Hebrew alphabet (שׂ), transliterated as SSee shin 2
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sin4

abbreviation for
  1. sine
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SIN

S.I.N.

abbreviation for (in Canada)
  1. social insurance number
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for sins

sin

n.

Old English synn "moral wrongdoing, injury, mischief, enmity, feud, guilt, crime, offense against God, misdeed," from Proto-Germanic *sun(d)jo- "sin" (cf. Old Saxon sundia, Old Frisian sende, Middle Dutch sonde, Dutch zonde, German Sünde "sin, transgression, trespass, offense," extended forms), probably ultimately "it is true," i.e. "the sin is real" (cf. Gothic sonjis, Old Norse sannr "true"), from PIE *snt-ya-, a collective form from *es-ont- "becoming," present participle of root *es- "to be" (see is).

The semantic development is via notion of "to be truly the one (who is guilty)," as in Old Norse phrase verð sannr at "be found guilty of," and the use of the phrase "it is being" in Hittite confessional formula. The same process probably yielded the Latin word sons (genitive sontis) "guilty, criminal" from present participle of sum, esse "to be, that which is." Some etymologists believe the Germanic word was an early borrowing directly from the Latin genitive. Cf. also sooth.

Sin-eater is attested from 1680s. To live in sin "cohabit without marriage" is from 1838; used earlier in a more general sense. Ice hockey slang sin bin "penalty box" is attested from 1950.

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sin

v.

Old English syngian "to commit sin, transgress, err," from synn (see sin (n.)); the form influenced by the noun. Cf. Old Saxon sundion, Old Frisian sendigia, Middle Dutch sondighen, Dutch zondigen, Old High German sunteon, German sündigen "to sin." Form altered from Middle English sunigen by influence of the noun.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

sins in Science

sin

  1. Abbreviation of sine
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Idioms and Phrases with sins

sin

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.