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sirvente

or sir·ventes

[ser-vent; French seer-vahnt]
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noun, plural sir·ventes [ser-vents; French seer-vahnt] /sərˈvɛnts; French sirˈvɑ̃t/.
  1. a medieval poem or song of heroic or satirical character, as composed by a troubadour.

Origin of sirvente

1810–20; back formation from Provençal sirventes literally, pertaining to a servant, i.e., lover (the -s being taken as plural sign). See servant, -ese
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for sirvente

Historical Examples

  • It has even been doubted whether the serventois is not the forerunner of the sirvente instead of the reverse being the case.

    A Short History of French Literature

    George Saintsbury

  • A sirvente by an anonymous troubadour shows how anxiously he was expected in Languedoc.

  • The sirvente was a song of war or politics, sometimes satirical, sometimes in praise of the exploits of a generous patron.

  • The rhymes in the sirvente differed from what we consider correct by consisting always of a repetition of the same word.

  • Sirvente, sir-vont′, n. a satirical song of the 12th-13th century trouvres and troubadours.


British Dictionary definitions for sirvente

sirvente

noun
  1. a verse form employed by the troubadours of Provence to satirize moral or political themes

Word Origin

C19: via French from Provençal sirventes song of a servant (that is, of a lover serving his mistress), from sirvent a servant, from Latin servīre to serve
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012