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sledge1

[slej] /slɛdʒ/
noun
1.
a vehicle of various forms, mounted on runners and often drawn by draft animals, used for traveling or for conveying loads over snow, ice, rough ground, etc.
2.
a sled.
3.
British. a sleigh.
verb (used with or without object), sledged, sledging.
4.
to convey or travel by sledge.
verb (used without object), sledged, sledging.
5.
British. to sleigh.
Origin of sledge1
dialectal Dutch
1595-1605
1595-1605; < dialectal Dutch sleeds, derivative of slede sled; cf. sleigh1
Can be confused
sled, sledge, sleigh.

sledge2

[slej] /slɛdʒ/
noun, verb (used with or without object), sledged, sledging.
1.
sledgehammer (defs 1, 2).
Origin
before 1000; Middle English slegge, Old English slecg; cognate with Dutch slegge, Old Norse sleggja; akin to slay
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for sledge
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The well-fed and well-rested dogs were harnessed to the sledge.

    The Field of Ice Jules Verne
  • Now that the inventory was made, the next business was to fetch the sledge.

    The Field of Ice Jules Verne
  • The sledge must be loaded with the provisions at once, and as much wood as possible.

    The Field of Ice Jules Verne
  • The sledge was the principal thing, as it needed thorough repair.

    The Field of Ice Jules Verne
  • They pushed the sledge themselves, for the dogs could no longer draw it.

    The Field of Ice Jules Verne
  • The dogs were speedily harnessed to the sledge, and the march resumed.

    The Field of Ice Jules Verne
  • Mukhorty overtook them, and struck his hoofs against the back of the sledge in front of them.

    Master and Man Leo Tolstoy
  • Nikita took the whip that hung over the front of the sledge and struck him once.

    Master and Man Leo Tolstoy
British Dictionary definitions for sledge

sledge1

/slɛdʒ/
noun
1.
Also called sleigh. a vehicle mounted on runners, drawn by horses or dogs, for transporting people or goods, esp over snow
2.
a light wooden frame used, esp by children, for sliding over snow; toboggan
3.
(NZ) a farm vehicle mounted on runners, for use on rough or muddy ground
verb
4.
to convey, travel, or go by sledge
Derived Forms
sledger, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Middle Dutch sleedse; C14 sled, from Middle Low German, from Old Norse slethi, related to slide

sledge2

/slɛdʒ/
noun
1.
short for sledgehammer

sledge3

/slɛdʒ/
verb
1.
(transitive) to bait (an opponent, esp a batsman in cricket) in order to upset his concentration
noun
2.
an insult aimed at another player during a game of cricket
Word Origin
of uncertain origin; perhaps from sledgehammer
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sledge
n.1

"heavy hammer," Old English slecg "hammer, mallet," from Proto-Germanic *slagjo- (cf. Old Norse sleggja, Middle Swedish sleggia "sledgehammer"), related to slege "beating, blow, stroke" and slean "to strike" (see slay (v.)). Sledgehammer is pleonastic.

n.2

"sleigh," 1610s, from dialectal Dutch sleedse, variant of slede (see sled (n.)); said by OED to be perhaps of Frisian origin.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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