- being an undetermined or unspecified one: Some person may object.
- (used with plural nouns) certain: Some days I stay home.
- of a certain unspecified number, amount, degree, etc.: to some extent.
- unspecified but considerable in number, amount, degree, etc.: We talked for some time. He was here some weeks.
- Informal. of impressive or remarkable quality, consequence, extent, etc.: That was some storm.
- certain persons, individuals, instances, etc., not specified: Some think he is dead.
- an unspecified number, amount, etc., as distinguished from the rest or in addition: He paid a thousand dollars and then some.
- (used with numerals and with words expressing degree, extent, etc.) approximately; about: Some 300 were present.
- Informal. to some degree or extent; somewhat: I like baseball some. She is feeling some better today.
- Informal. to a great degree or extent; considerably: That's going some.
Origin of some
- a native English suffix formerly used in the formation of adjectives: quarrelsome; burdensome.
Origin of -some1
- a collective suffix used with numerals: twosome; threesome.
Origin of -some2
- a combining form meaning “body,” used in the formation of compound words: chromosome.
Origin of -some3
- (a) certain unknown or unspecifiedsome lunatic drove into my car; some people never learn
- (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural)some can teach and others can't
- an unknown or unspecified quantity or amount ofthere's some rice on the table; he owns some horses
- (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural)we'll buy some
- a considerable number or amount ofhe lived some years afterwards
- a littleshow him some respect
- (usually stressed) informal an impressive or remarkablethat was some game!
- a certain amount (more) (in the phrases some more and (informal) and then some)
- about; approximatelyhe owes me some thirty pounds
- US not standard to a certain degree or extentI guess I like him some
- characterized by; tending toawesome; tiresome
- indicating a group of a specified number of membersthreesome
- a bodychromosome
Word Origin and History for some
Old English sum "some, a, a certain one, something, a certain quantity; a certain number;" with numerals "out of" (e.g. sum feowra "one of four"); from Proto-Germanic *suma- (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian, Old High German sum, Old Norse sumr, Gothic sums), from PIE *smm-o-, suffixed form of root *sem- (1) "one," also "as one" (adv.), "together with" (see same). For substitution of -o- for -u-, see come.
The word has had greater currency in English than in the other Teutonic languages, in some of which it is now restricted to dialect use, or represented only by derivatives or compounds .... [OED]
As a pronoun from c.1100; as an adverb from late 13c. Meaning "remarkable" is attested from 1808, American English colloquial. A possessive form is attested from 1560s, but always was rare. Many combination forms (somewhat, sometime, somewhere) were in Middle English but often written as two words till 17-19c. Somewhen is rare and since 19c. used almost exclusively in combination with the more common compounds; somewho "someone" is attested from late 14c. but did not endure. Scott (1816) has somegate "somewhere, in some way, somehow," and somekins "some kind of a" is recorded from c.1200. Get some "have sexual intercourse" is attested 1899 in a quote attributed to Abe Lincoln from c.1840.
suffix added to numerals meaning "a group of (that number)," e.g. twosome, from pronoun use of Old English sum "some" (see some). Originally a separate word used with the genitive plural (e.g. sixa sum "six-some"); the inflection disappeared in Middle English and the pronoun was absorbed. Use of some with a number meaning "approximately" also was in Old English.
word-forming element meaning "the body," Modern Latin, from Greek soma "the body" (see somato-).