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souse1

[sous] /saʊs/
verb (used with object), soused, sousing.
1.
to plunge into water or other liquid; immerse.
2.
to drench, as with water.
3.
to dash or pour, as water.
4.
to steep in pickling brine; pickle.
verb (used without object), soused, sousing.
5.
to plunge into water or other liquid.
6.
to be soaked or drenched.
7.
to be steeping or soaking in something.
noun
8.
an act of sousing.
9.
something kept or steeped in pickle, especially the head, ears, and feet of a pig.
10.
a liquid used as a pickle.
11.
Slang. a drunkard.
Origin of souse1
1350-1400
1350-1400; 1915-20 for def 11; (noun) Middle English sows < Middle French souce pickled < Germanic (akin to salt1); (v.) Middle English sousen, derivative of the noun
Synonyms
2. soak, wet.

souse2

[sous] /saʊs/ Archaic.
verb (used without object), soused, sousing.
1.
to swoop down.
verb (used with object), soused, sousing.
2.
to swoop or pounce upon.
noun, Falconry.
3.
a rising while in flight.
4.
a swooping or pouncing.
Origin
1480-90; by-form of source in its earlier literal sense “rising”
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for souse
Historical Examples
  • "Let us put out his lantern and souse him in the river," said Dick, with a laugh.

  • souse a Bishop in his bath before you let him warm his chair; cry 'Fire!'

    Little Novels of Italy Maurice Henry Hewlett
  • Willis catches the sheep and pitches them in; and his father and Ben souse them.

    When Life Was Young C. A. Stephens
  • Let me catch you at it again, and I'll souse you in the river next time.

    Little Men Louisa May Alcott
  • He smelt warmth, rest, and there was the promise in his mind of a good "souse."

    The Heart of Unaga Ridgwell Cullum
  • But yesterday and today I enjoyed the chance to soap myself and souse.

    At Plattsburg

    Allen French
  • Down they both went to the bottom, wid a souse you'd hear half a mile off.

    The Purcell Papers Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu
  • I'll souse that Thompson underground some of these fine days!

    Out of the Hurly-Burly

    Charles Heber Clark
  • How refreshing it was to him to soap and souse his face into the cold water!

    Edith and John Franklin S. Farquhar
  • She watches you lazily while you souse the dishes in the lake and wipe them clumsily.

British Dictionary definitions for souse

souse1

/saʊs/
verb
1.
to plunge (something, oneself, etc) into water or other liquid
2.
to drench or be drenched
3.
(transitive) to pour or dash (liquid) over (a person or thing)
4.
to steep or cook (food) in a marinade
5.
(transitive; usually passive) (slang) to make drunk
noun
6.
the liquid or brine used in pickling
7.
the act or process of sousing
8.
(slang) a habitual drunkard
Word Origin
C14: from Old French sous, of Germanic origin; related to Old High German sulza brine

souse2

/saʊs/
verb (intransitive)
1.
often foll by on or upon. to swoop suddenly downwards (on a prey)
noun
2.
a sudden downward swoop
Word Origin
C16: perhaps a variant of obsolete vb sense of source
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for souse
v.

late 14c., "to pickle, steep in vinegar," from Old French sous (adj.) "preserved in salt and vinegar," from Frankish *sultja or some other Germanic source (cf. Old Saxon sultia "salt water," Old High German sulza "brine"), from Proto-Germanic *salt- (see salt (n.)). Related: Soused; sousing.

n.

something steeped in pickle, especially "pig parts preserved and pickled," mid-15c., earlier "liquid for pickling" (late 14c.), from souse (v.) or from its French source.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for souse

souse

noun

  1. A drunkard; lush: A wonderful thyroid substance sobered up the souse in 30 minutes (1906+)
  2. Drunkenness; intoxication: Economic and religious saviors give a new kind of emotional souse (1903+)

[fr an extension of souse, ''pickle brine, something pickled,'' hence semantically akin to soak, ''drunkard,'' and pickled, ''drunk'']

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Word Value for souse

5
6
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