- to overstrain or wrench (the ligaments of an ankle, wrist, or other joint) so as to injure without fracture or dislocation.
- a violent straining or wrenching of the parts around a joint, without dislocation.
- the condition of being sprained.
Origin of sprain
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for sprain
I cried, as I pressed her to my breast, "it is nothing; only a sprain."The Memoires of Casanova, Complete
Jacques Casanova de Seingalt
The injury to Justin's hand proved to be one of strain and sprain.Glory of Youth
If I trained for a race, I was sure to sprain my ankle on the day when I was to run.The Upper Berth
Francis Marion Crawford
They watched him with some curiosity as he treated the sprain and studied the pulse.
It couldn't even have been a sprain, judging by the way he was standing there.Ten From Infinity
Paul W. Fairman
- (tr) to injure (a joint) by a sudden twisting or wrenching of its ligaments
- the resulting injury to such a joint, characterized by swelling and temporary disability
Word Origin and History for sprain
c.1600, of uncertain origin. The verb is attested from 1620s. A connection has been suggested to Middle French espraindre "to press out," from Latin exprimere, but the sense evolution is difficult.
- An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than its normal range without dislocation or fracture.
- To cause a sprain to a joint or ligament.