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start

[stahrt]
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verb (used without object)
  1. to begin or set out, as on a journey or activity.
  2. to appear or come suddenly into action, life, view, etc.; rise or issue suddenly forth.
  3. to spring, move, or dart suddenly from a position or place: The rabbit started from the bush.
  4. to be among the entrants in a race or the initial participants in a game or contest.
  5. to give a sudden, involuntary jerk, jump, or twitch, as from a shock of surprise, alarm, or pain: The sudden clap of thunder caused everyone to start.
  6. to protrude: eyes seeming to start from their sockets.
  7. to spring, slip, or work loose from place or fastenings, as timbers or other structural parts.
verb (used with object)
  1. to set moving, going, or acting; to set in operation: to start an automobile; to start a fire.
  2. to establish or found: to start a new business.
  3. to begin work on: to start a book.
  4. to enable or help (someone) set out on a journey, a career, or the like: The record started the young singer on the road to stardom.
  5. to cause or choose to be an entrant in a game or contest: He started his ace pitcher in the crucial game.
  6. to cause (an object) to work loose from place or fastenings.
  7. to rouse (game) from its lair or covert; flush.
  8. to draw or discharge (liquid or other contents) from a vessel or container; empty (a container).
  9. Archaic. to cause to twitch, jump, or flinch involuntarily; startle.
noun
  1. a beginning of an action, journey, etc.
  2. a signal to move, proceed, or begin, as on a course or in a race.
  3. a place or time from which something begins.
  4. the first part or beginning segment of anything: The start of the book was good but the last half was dull.
  5. an instance of being a participant in a race or an initial participant in a game or contest: The horse won his first two starts.
  6. a sudden, springing movement from a position.
  7. a sudden, involuntary jerking movement of the body: to awake with a start.
  8. a lead or advance of specified amount, as over competitors or pursuers.
  9. the position or advantage of one who starts first: The youngest child should have the start over the rest.
  10. a chance, opportunity, aid, or encouragement given to one starting on a course or career: The bride's parents gave the couple a start by buying them a house.
  11. a spurt of activity.
  12. a starting of parts from their place or fastenings in a structure.
  13. the resulting break or opening.
  14. an outburst or sally, as of emotion, wit, or fancy.

Origin of start

before 1150; (v.) Middle English sterten to rush out, leap (cognate with Middle High German sterzen); replacing Old English styrtan (attested once), cognate with German stürzen; (noun) Middle English stert(e) sudden jerk, leap, derivative of the v.
Related formsmis·start, verbnon·start·ing, adjectivere·start, verb, nounun·start·ed, adjectiveun·start·ing, adjective

Synonyms

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9. institute. 17. commencement, onset. 23. twitch, jump.

Synonym study

10. See begin.

Antonyms

10. end, terminate.

START

[stahrt]
noun
  1. Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for start

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • I can tell by the way you start out—just like your pa fur all the world.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson

  • But before you start to read let me explain what I intend to do.

    Ancient Man

    Hendrik Willem van Loon

  • Filled the water-cans, and got everything ready for a start to-morrow morning.

  • On the 23rd we were engaged making preparations for a start for Eucla.

  • All busy preparing for a start for the Head of the Bight to-morrow.


British Dictionary definitions for start

start

verb
  1. to begin or cause to begin (something or to do something); come or cause to come into being, operation, etche started a quarrel; they started to work
  2. (when intr , sometimes foll by on) to make or cause to make a beginning of (a process, series of actions, etc)they started on the project
  3. (sometimes foll by up) to set or be set in motionhe started up the machine
  4. (intr) to make a sudden involuntary movement of one's body, from or as if from fright; jump
  5. (intr; sometimes foll by up, away, etc) to spring or jump suddenly from a position or place
  6. to establish or be established; set upto start a business
  7. (tr) to support (someone) in the first part of a venture, career, etc
  8. to work or cause to work loose
  9. to enter or be entered in a race
  10. (intr) to flow violently from a sourcewine started from a hole in the cask
  11. (tr) to rouse (game) from a hiding place, lair, etc
  12. (intr) (esp of eyes) to bulge; pop
  13. an archaic word for startle
  14. (intr) British informal to commence quarrelling or causing a disturbance
  15. to start with in the first place
noun
  1. the first or first part of a series of actions or operations, a journey, etc
  2. the place or time of starting, as of a race or performance
  3. a signal to proceed, as in a race
  4. a lead or advantage, either in time or distance and usually of specified extent, in a competitive activityhe had an hour's start on me
  5. a slight involuntary movement of the body, as through fright, surprise, etcshe gave a start as I entered
  6. an opportunity to enter a career, undertake a project, etc
  7. informal a surprising incident
  8. a part that has come loose or been disengaged
  9. by fits and starts spasmodically; without concerted effort
  10. for a start in the first place

Word Origin

Old English styrtan; related to Old Norse sterta to crease, Old High German sturzen to rush

START

n acronym for
  1. Strategic Arms Reduction Talks
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for start

v.

Old English *steortian, *stiertan, Kentish variants of styrtan "to leap up" (related to starian "to stare"), from Proto-Germanic *sturtjan- (cf. Old Frisian stirta "to fall, tumble," Middle Dutch sterten, Dutch storten "to rush, fall," Old High German sturzen, German stürzen "to hurl, throw, plunge"), of unknown origin.

From "move or spring suddenly," sense evolved by late 14c. to "awaken suddenly, flinch or recoil in alarm," and 1660s to "cause to begin acting or operating." Meaning "begin to move, leave, depart" is from 1821. The connection is probably from sporting senses ("to force an animal from its lair," late 14c.).

Related: Started; starting. To start something "cause trouble" is 1917, American English colloquial. Starting block first recorded 1937.

n.

late 14c., "a sudden movement," from start (v.); meaning "act of beginning to build a house" is from 1946. That of "opportunity at the beginning of a career or course of action" is from 1849. False start first attested 1850.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with start

start

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.