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subside

[suh b-sahyd]
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verb (used without object), sub·sid·ed, sub·sid·ing.
  1. to sink to a low or lower level.
  2. to become quiet, less active, or less violent; abate: The laughter subsided.
  3. to sink or fall to the bottom; settle; precipitate: to cause coffee grounds to subside.
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Origin of subside

1640–50; < Latin subsīdere, equivalent to sub- sub- + sīdere to sit, settle; akin to sedēre to be seated; see sit1
Related formssub·sid·ence [suh b-sahyd-ns, suhb-si-dns] /səbˈsaɪd ns, ˈsʌb sɪ dns/, nounsub·sid·er, nounnon·sub·sid·ing, adjectiveun·sub·sid·ed, adjectiveun·sub·sid·ing, adjective
Can be confusedsubside subsistsubsidence subsistence

Synonyms

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1. decline, descend, settle. 2. diminish, lessen, wane, ebb.

Antonyms

1. rise. 2. increase.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for subsidence

Historical Examples

  • They saw that it had reached its highest, but its subsidence had not yet commenced.

    The Giraffe Hunters

    Mayne Reid

  • The duration of the Cretaceous subsidence must have been very great.

  • And now to wait as patiently as may be the subsidence of the waters.

  • When subsidence slackened or ceased the land gained on the sea.

    The Elements of Geology

    William Harmon Norton

  • The beginning of the Tertiary was therefore marked by a subsidence.

    The Elements of Geology

    William Harmon Norton


British Dictionary definitions for subsidence

subsidence

noun
  1. the act or process of subsiding or the condition of having subsided
  2. geology the gradual sinking of landforms to a lower level as a result of earth movements, mining operations, etc
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subside

verb (intr)
  1. to become less loud, excited, violent, etc; abate
  2. to sink or fall to a lower level
  3. (of the surface of the earth, etc) to cave in; collapse
  4. (of sediment, etc) to sink or descend to the bottom; settle
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Derived Formssubsider, noun

Word Origin

C17: from Latin subsīdere to settle down, from sub- down + sīdere to settle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for subsidence

subside

v.

1680s, "to sink to the bottom," from Latin subsidere "settle, sink, sit down or remain," from sub "down" (see sub-) + sidere "to settle," related to sedere (see sedentary). Meaning "to sink to a lower level, be reduced" is from 1706. Related: Subsided; subsiding.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

subsidence in Medicine

subsidence

(səb-sīdns, sŭbsĭ-dns)
n.
  1. Sinking or settling in a bone, as of a prosthetic component of a total joint implant.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.