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2017 Word of the Year

summary

[suhm-uh-ree] /ˈsʌm ə ri/
noun, plural summaries.
1.
a comprehensive and usually brief abstract, recapitulation, or compendium of previously stated facts or statements.
adjective
2.
brief and comprehensive; concise.
3.
direct and prompt; unceremoniously fast:
to treat someone with summary dispatch.
4.
(of legal proceedings, jurisdiction, etc.) conducted without, or exempt from, the various steps and delays of a formal trial.
Origin of summary
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin summārium, equivalent to summ(a) sum + -ārium -ary
Related forms
summariness
[suh-mair-i-nis] /səˈmɛər ɪ nɪs/ (Show IPA),
noun
Synonyms
1. outline, précis. Summary, brief, digest, synopsis are terms for a short version of a longer work. A summary is a brief statement or restatement of main points, especially as a conclusion to a work: a summary of a chapter. A brief is a detailed outline, by heads and subheads, of a discourse (usually legal) to be completed: a brief for an argument. A digest is an abridgement of an article, book, etc., or an organized arrangement of material under heads and titles: a digest of a popular novel; a digest of Roman law. A synopsis is usually a compressed statement of the plot of a novel, play, etc.: a synopsis of Hamlet. 2. short, condensed, compact, succinct. 3. curt, terse, peremptory.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for summary
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • They prepared a summary of the tale, and then enlarged the summary.

    Changing Winds

    St. John G. Ervine
  • He had not reckoned upon being dealt with in this summary fashion.

    The Strolling Saint Raphael Sabatini
  • The summary of a lesson, given by the class, is a test of the effectiveness of instruction.

    College Teaching Paul Klapper
  • Each student should be quizzed on his reading, or should be required to give a summary of it.

    College Teaching Paul Klapper
  • As an example of the differences in yield, a summary of the data for 1911 may be given.

British Dictionary definitions for summary

summary

/ˈsʌmərɪ/
noun (pl) -maries
1.
a brief account giving the main points of something
adjective (usually prenominal)
2.
performed arbitrarily and quickly, without formality: a summary execution
3.
(of legal proceedings) short and free from the complexities and delays of a full trial
4.
summary jurisdiction, the right a court has to adjudicate immediately upon some matter arising during its proceedings
5.
giving the gist or essence
Derived Forms
summarily, adverb
summariness, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin summārium, from summasum1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for summary
adj.

early 15c., from Medieval Latin summarius "of or pertaining to the sum or substance," from Latin summa "whole, gist" (see sum). Sense of "done promptly" is first found 1713. The noun meaning "a summary statement or account" is first recorded c.1500, from Latin summarium "an epitome, abstract, summary," from summa "totality, gist."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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14
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