[sur-pluhs, -pluh s]
- something that remains above what is used or needed.
- an amount, quantity, etc., greater than needed.
- agricultural produce or a quantity of food grown by a nation or area in excess of its needs, especially such a quantity of food purchased and stored by a governmental program of guaranteeing farmers a specific price for certain crops.
- the excess of assets over liabilities accumulated throughout the existence of a business, excepting assets against which stock certificates have been issued; excess of net worth over capital-stock value.
- an amount of assets in excess of what is requisite to meet liabilities.
- being a surplus; being in excess of what is required: surplus wheat.
- to treat as surplus; sell off; retire: The government surplussed some of its desert lands.
Origin of surplus
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
1. superabundance. See remainder.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for surplus
Scottish farmers had already been making whisky in the area for centuries with their surplus barley.Ester Elchies, The Estate Built By Whiskey
December 10, 2014
In September 2013, the government reported a surplus of $75.1 billion.The Battle of the Deficit Bulge Has Been Won
October 6, 2014
This is an era of change coming thick and fast after the war, and London is a city of surplus women and new class mobility.Sarah Waters’s New Novel Rewrites the Rules of Love
September 20, 2014
But we now have all this surplus military weaponry going to police forces.Rory Kennedy on ‘Last Days in Vietnam,’ the Parallels Between Vietnam and Iraq, and Ferguson
September 1, 2014
Like surplus gear, a couple services are getting rid of people too.Downsizing the War: Layoffs and Yard Sales in Afghanistan
August 1, 2014
Haven't we spent all our surplus in keeping you up for a good marriage?The Spenders
Harry Leon Wilson
No nation has ever before been embarrassed from too large a surplus in its treasury.
A surplus in the Treasury created by loans is not a permanent or safe reliance.
While a Treasury surplus is not the greatest evil, it is a serious evil.
They pay taxes on their capital and surplus, not on their loans.Dust
Mr. and Mrs. Haldeman-Julius
- a quantity or amount in excess of what is required
- an excess of total assets over total liabilities
- an excess of actual net assets over the nominal value of capital stock
- an excess of revenues over expenditures during a certain period of time
- an excess of government revenues over expenditures during a certain financial year
- an excess of receipts over payments on the balance of payments
- being in excess; extra
C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin superplūs, from Latin super- + plūs more
Word Origin and History for surplus
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.