The economists of the capitalist era talk solely of the means and ways by which profit and surplus value may be increased.
But let us resume the discussion of surplus value and see just what it really is.
It is the production of surplus value which turns reproduction of social necessities into a perpetuum mobile.
Their main purpose is to realise the surplus value they contain.
One concerns the commodity market and the place where surplus value is produced—the factory, the mine, the agricultural estate.
What, then, is this surplus value that it should interest the capitalist for its own sake?
Now surplus value, as we have seen, is of two kinds, absolute and relative.
And so we are back at immediate and complete investment of the surplus value.
Buyers, it should be noted, not consumers, since the material form of the surplus value is quite irrelevant to its realisation.
It is evident that in type A there is no place for surplus value.