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swine

[swahyn] /swaɪn/
noun, plural swine.
1.
any stout, cloven-hoofed artiodactyl of the Old World family Suidae, having a thick hide sparsely covered with coarse hair, a disklike snout, and an often short, tasseled tail: now of worldwide distribution and hunted or raised for its meat and other products.
Compare hog, pig1 , wild boar.
2.
the domestic hog, Sus scrofa.
3.
a coarse, gross, or brutishly sensual person.
4.
a contemptible person.
Origin of swine
900
before 900; Middle English; Old English swīn; cognate with German Schwein hog, Latin suīnus (adj.) porcine; akin to sow2
Related forms
swinelike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for swine
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • swine were the natural companions of the prodigal, and the sooner he was with them the better!

    Weighed and Wanting George MacDonald
  • So Pryderi gave Gwyd the swine, and he quickly drove them off.

    Welsh Fairy Tales William Elliott Griffis
  • As to your pigs and baboons, you are yourself a pig, and you make my writings a sport of other swine.

    Theaetetus Plato
  • He had been ruminating on Gubblum's observation about the swine ring.

    A Son of Hagar

    Sir Hall Caine
  • But Jabez had not forgotten the similitude of the swine ring.

    A Son of Hagar

    Sir Hall Caine
British Dictionary definitions for swine

swine

/swaɪn/
noun
1.
(pl) swines. a coarse or contemptible person
2.
(pl) swine another name for a pig
Derived Forms
swinelike, adjective
swinish, adjective
swinishly, adverb
swinishness, noun
Word Origin
Old English swīn; related to Old Norse svīn, Gothic swein, Latin suīnus relating to swine
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for swine
n.

Old English swin "pig, hog," from Proto-Germanic *swinan (cf. Old Saxon, Old Frisian Middle Low German, Old High German swin, Middle Dutch swijn, Dutch zwijn, German Schwein), neuter adjective (with suffix *-ino-) from PIE *su- (see sow (n.)). The native word, largely ousted by pig. Applied to persons from late 14c. Phrase pearls before swine (mid-14c.) is from Matt. vii:6; an early English formation of it was:

Ne ge ne wurpen eowre meregrotu toforan eo wrum swynon. [c.1000]
The Latin word was confused in French with marguerite "daisy" (the "pearl" of the field), and in Dutch the expression became "roses before swine."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with swine
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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8
9
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