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teen1

[teen]
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noun
  1. Archaic. suffering; grief.
  2. Obsolete. injury; harm.

Origin of teen1

before 1000; Middle English tene, Old English tēona; cognate with Old Frisian tiona, Old Saxon tiono, Old Norse tjōn

teen2

[teen]
adjective
  1. teenage.
noun
  1. a teenager.

Origin of teen2

First recorded in 1940–45; by shortening

teens

[teenz]
plural noun
  1. the numbers 13 through 19, especially in a progression, as the 13th through the 19th years of a lifetime or of a given or implied century.

Origin of teens

1595–1605; teen (extracted from numbers with -teen as final element) + -s3

-teen

  1. a suffix used to form cardinal numerals from 13 to 19.

Origin of -teen

Middle English, Old English -tēne, combining form of ten; cognate with Dutch -tien, German -zehn
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for teen

teen1

adjective
  1. informal another word for teenage

teen2

noun
  1. obsolete affliction or woe

Word Origin

Old English tēona; related to Old Saxon tiono, Old Frisian tiona injury

-teen

n combining form
  1. ten: added to modified forms of the numbers 3 to 9 to form the numbers 13 to 19
Derived Forms-teenth, adj combining form

Word Origin

Old English -tēne, -tӯne

teens

pl n
  1. the years of a person's life between the ages of 13 and 19 inclusive
  2. all the numbers that end in -teen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for teen

n.

"teen-aged person," 1818 (but rare before 20c.), from -teen. As an adjective meaning "of or for teen-agers," from 1947.

-teen

combining form meaning "ten more than," from Old English -tene, -tiene, from Proto-Germanic *tekhuniz (cf. Old Saxon -tein, Dutch -tien, Old High German -zehan, German -zehn, Gothic -taihun), an inflected form of the root of ten; cognate with Latin -decim (cf. Italian -dici, Spanish -ce, French -ze). The combining form of ordinal numbers, -teenth, developed from Old English -teoða, -teoðe (West Saxon), teogoða (Anglian) "tenth."

teens

n.

1670s (plural), "teen-age years of a person," formed from -teen taken as a separate word. As "decade of years comprising numbers ending in -teen," from 1889.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper