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temperance

[tem-per-uh ns, tem-pruh ns]
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noun
  1. moderation or self-restraint in action, statement, etc.; self-control.
  2. habitual moderation in the indulgence of a natural appetite or passion, especially in the use of alcoholic liquors.
  3. total abstinence from alcoholic liquors.
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Origin of temperance

1200–50; Middle English temperaunce < Anglo-French < Latin temperantia self-control. See temper, -ance
Related formsan·ti·tem·per·ance, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for temperance

temperance

noun
  1. restraint or moderation, esp in yielding to one's appetites or desires
  2. abstinence from alcoholic drink
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Word Origin

C14: from Latin temperantia, from temperāre to regulate
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for temperance

n.

mid-14c., "self-restraint, moderation," from Anglo-French temperaunce (mid-13c.), from Latin temperantia "moderation," from temperans, present participle of temperare "to moderate" (see temper). Latin temperantia was used by Cicero to translate Greek sophrosyne "moderation." In English, temperance was used to render Latin continentia or abstinentia, specifically in reference to drinking alcohol and eating; hence by early 1800s it came to mean "abstinence from alcoholic drink."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

temperance in Medicine

temperance

(tĕmpər-əns, tĕmprəns)
n.
  1. Moderation and self-restraint, as in behavior or expression.
  2. Restraint in the use of or abstinence from alcoholic liquors.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.