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toast1

[tohst]
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noun
  1. sliced bread that has been browned by dry heat.
verb (used with object)
  1. to brown, as bread or cheese, by exposure to heat.
  2. to heat or warm thoroughly at a fire: She toasted her feet at the fireplace.
verb (used without object)
  1. to become toasted.
Idioms
  1. be toast, Slang. to be doomed, ruined, or in trouble: If you're late to work again, you're toast!

Origin of toast1

1350–1400; (v.) Middle English to(o)sten < Middle French toster < Vulgar Latin *tostāre, derivative of Latin tostus (< *torstos), past participle of torrēre to parch, roast, from a base *tors-, akin to Gothic thaursus, Old Norse thurr dry; (noun) late Middle English to(o)ste, derivative of the v.; see torrid, thirst

toast2

[tohst]
noun
  1. a salutation or a few words of congratulation, good wishes, appreciation, remembrance, etc., uttered immediately before drinking to a person, event, etc.
  2. a person, event, sentiment, or the like, in honor of whom another or others raise their glasses in salutation and then drink.
  3. an act or instance of thus drinking: They drank a toast to the queen.
  4. a call on another or others to drink to some person or thing.
  5. a person who is celebrated as with the spirited homage of a toast: She was the toast of five continents.
verb (used with object)
  1. to drink to the health of or in honor of; propose a toast to or in honor of.
  2. to propose as a toast.
verb (used without object)
  1. to propose or drink a toast.

Origin of toast2

1690–1700; figurative use of toast1 (noun); the name of a lady so honored was said to give flavor to the drink comparable to that given by spiced toast
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for toast

toast1

noun
  1. sliced bread browned by exposure to heat, usually under a grill, over a fire, or in a toaster
  2. be toast informal to face certain destruction or defeat
verb
  1. (tr) to brown under a grill or over a fireto toast cheese
  2. to warm or be warmed in a similar mannerto toast one's hands by the fire

Word Origin

C14: from Old French toster, from Latin tōstus parched, baked from torrēre to dry with heat; see thirst, torrid

toast2

noun
  1. a tribute or proposal of health, success, etc, given to a person or thing by a company of people and marked by raising glasses and drinking together
  2. a person or thing honoured by such a tribute or proposal
  3. (esp formerly) an attractive woman to whom such tributes are frequently madeshe was the toast of the town
verb
  1. to propose or drink a toast to (a person or thing)
  2. (intr) to add vocal effects to a prerecorded track: a disc-jockey techniqueSee also rap 1 (def. 6)
Derived Formstoaster, noun

Word Origin

C17 (in the sense: a lady to whom the company is asked to drink): from toast 1,from the idea that the name of the lady would flavour the drink like a piece of spiced toast
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for toast

v.1

"to brown with heat," late 14c., from Old French toster "to toast or grill" (12c.), from Vulgar Latin *tostare (source of Italian tostare, Spanish tostar), frequentative of Latin torrere (past participle tostus) "to parch" (see terrain). Related: Toasted; toasting.

n.1

"a call to drink to someone's health," 1700 (but said by Steele, 1709, to date to the reign of Charles II), originally referring to the beautiful or popular woman whose health is proposed and drunk, from the use of spiced toast (n.2) to flavor drink, the lady regarded as figuratively adding piquancy to the wine in which her health was drunk.

n.2

"a toasted piece of bread," early 15c., from toast (v.1); slang meaning "a goner, person or thing already doomed or destroyed" is recorded by 1987, perhaps from notion of computer circuits being "fried," and with unconscious echoes of earlier figurative phrase to be had on toast (1886) "to be served up for eating."

v.2

"to propose or drink a toast," 1700, from toast (n.1). This probably is the source of the Jamaican and U.S. black word meaning "extemporaneous narrative poem or rap" (1962). Related: Toasted; toasting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with toast

toast

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.