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torpid1

[tawr-pid]
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adjective
  1. inactive or sluggish.
  2. slow; dull; apathetic; lethargic.
  3. dormant, as a hibernating or estivating animal.

Origin of torpid1

1605–15; < Latin torpidus numb, equivalent to torp(ēre) to be stiff or numb + -idus -id4
Related formstor·pid·i·ty, tor·pid·ness, nountor·pid·ly, adverb
Can be confusedtorpid turbid turgid

Synonyms

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2. indolent. 3. See inactive.

Antonyms

1. energetic.

torpid2

[tawr-pid]
noun
  1. an eight-oared, clinker-built boat used for races at Oxford University during the Lenten term.

Origin of torpid2

First recorded in 1830–40; special use of torpid1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for torpid

Historical Examples

  • When in action he was superb and safe to follow; only when torpid he was dangerous.

    The Education of Henry Adams

    Henry Adams

  • I was not deceived then, it was a torpid man that I had under my eyes, and not a dead one!

  • I was a cipher in this august company, and felt subdued, not to say torpid.

    Life On The Mississippi, Complete

    Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)

  • His mind, too, was in a torpid state, but might gradually awaken.

    Fairy Fingers

    Anna Cora Mowatt Ritchie

  • Bees are not, as some suppose, in a dormant, or torpid condition in Winter.


British Dictionary definitions for torpid

torpid

adjective
  1. apathetic, sluggish, or lethargic
  2. (of a hibernating animal) dormant; having greatly reduced metabolic activity
  3. unable to move or feel
Derived Formstorpidity, nountorpidly, adverb

Word Origin

C17: from Latin torpidus, from torpēre to be numb, motionless
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for torpid

adj.

1610s, from Latin torpidus "benumbed," from torpere "be numb or stiff" (see torpor).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

torpid in Medicine

torpid

(tôrpĭd)
adj.
  1. Deprived of power of motion or feeling.
  2. Lethargic; apathetic.
Related formstor•pidi•ty n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.