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[tok-soh-plaz-moh-sis] /ˌtɒk soʊ plæzˈmoʊ sɪs/
noun, Pathology.
infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, transmitted to humans by consumption of insufficiently cooked meat containing the parasite or by contact with contaminated cats or their feces: the illness produced is usually mild, but in pregnant women may damage the fetus.
Origin of toxoplasmosis
1925-30; < New Latin Toxoplasm(a) (see toxoplasma) + -osis Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for toxoplasmosis


a protozoal disease characterized by jaundice, enlarged liver and spleen, and convulsions, caused by infection with Toxoplasma gondii
Derived Forms
toxoplasmic, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for toxoplasmosis

1977, from toxoplasma (1926), coined 1909 in French from toxo-, comb. form of Greek toxon (see toxic) + plasma (see plasma).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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toxoplasmosis in Medicine

toxoplasmosis tox·o·plas·mo·sis (tŏk'sō-plāz-mō'sĭs)
n. pl. tox·o·plas·mo·ses (-mō'sēz)
A disease caused by infection with Toxoplasma gondii. The congenital form, apparently resulting from parasites in the infected mother being transmitted to the fetus, is characterized by lesions of the central nervous system that can cause blindness and brain damage. The acquired form of the disease is characterized by fever, swollen lymph nodes, and lesions in the liver, heart, lungs, and brain.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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toxoplasmosis in Science
An infectious disease caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii that can be transmitted by infected humans and animals, especially cats, often by contact with feces. Toxoplasmosis can be a mild illness with fever and swollen lymph nodes, or progress to severe damage to the liver, heart, lungs, and brain. Fetuses that become infected during pregnancy may have congenital blindness and brain damage.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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