- any playing card of a suit that for the time outranks the other suits, such a card being able to take any card of another suit.
- Often trumps.(used with a singular verb)the suit itself.
- Informal. a fine person; brick.
- Cards. to take with a trump.
- to excel; surpass; outdo.
- to play a trump.
- to take a trick with a trump.
- trump up, to devise deceitfully or dishonestly, as an accusation; fabricate: Try as they might, they were unable to trump up a convincing case against him.
Origin of trump1
- (tr, adverb) to concoct or invent (a charge, accusation, etc) so as to deceive or implicate someone
- Also called: trump card
- any card from the suit chosen as trumps
- this suit itself; trumps
- Also called: trump card a decisive or advantageous move, resource, action, etc
- informal a fine or reliable person
- to play a trump card on (a suit, or a particular card of a suit, that is not trumps)
- (tr) to outdo or surpass
- a trumpet or the sound produced by one
- the last trump the final trumpet call that according to the belief of some will awaken and raise the dead on the Day of Judgment
- (intr) to produce a sound upon or as if upon the trumpet
- (tr) to proclaim or announce with or as if with a fanfare
- (intr) British slang to expel intestinal gas through the anus
Word Origin and History for trump up
"playing card of a suit ranking above others," 1520s, alteration of triumph, name of a card game.
"fabricate, devise," 1690s, from trump "deceive, cheat" (1510s), from Middle English trumpen (late 14c.), from Old French tromper "deceive," of uncertain origin, perhaps from a verb meaning "to blow a trumpet." Related: Trumped; trumping. Trumped up "false, concocted" first recorded 1728.
"trumpet," c.1300, from Old French trompe "long, tube-like musical wind instrument" (12c.), cognate with Provençal tromba, Italian tromba, all probably from a Germanic source (cf. Old High German trumpa and Old Norse trumba "trumpet"), of imitative origin.
"surpass, beat," 1580s, from trump (n.). Related: Trumped; trumping.
Idioms and Phrases with trump up
Concoct fraudulently, fabricate, as in They trumped up a charge of conspiracy, or She had trumped up another excuse for not doing the work. This expression, first recorded in 1695, uses trump in the sense of “devise fraudulently,” a usage otherwise obsolete.