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Turk

[turk]
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noun
  1. a native or inhabitant of Turkey.
  2. (formerly) a native or inhabitant of the Ottoman Empire.
  3. a Muslim, especially a subject of the Sultan of Turkey.
  4. a member of any of the peoples speaking Turkic languages.
  5. one of a breed of Turkish horses closely related to the Arabian horse.
  6. any Turkish horse.
  7. Young Turk.
  8. Archaic. a cruel, brutal, and domineering man.

Origin of Turk

1300–50; Middle EnglishTurkish Türk; compare Medieval Latin Turcus, Medieval Greek Toûrkos, Middle French turc, Italian turco, Persian turk
Related formsnon-Turk, noun

Turk.

  1. Turkey.
  2. Turkish.Also Turk
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for turk

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • The jealousy of the European powers, too, protects the Turk.

  • Like a coyote he would call at night, and though the Turk heard him, he dared not answer.

    The Trail Book

    Mary Austin

  • For they knew very well there was no gold in the Turk's country.

    The Trail Book

    Mary Austin

  • The Spaniards called him the Turk, saying he looked like one.

    The Trail Book

    Mary Austin

  • Nevertheless, being a just man, he asked the Turk if he had anything to say.

    The Trail Book

    Mary Austin


British Dictionary definitions for turk

Turk

noun
  1. a native, inhabitant, or citizen of Turkey
  2. a native speaker of any Turkic language, such as an inhabitant of Turkmenistan or Kyrgyzstan
  3. obsolete, derogatory a violent, brutal, or domineering person
See also Young Turk

Turk.

abbreviation for
  1. Turkey
  2. Turkish
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for turk

Turk

n.

c.1300, from French Turc, from Medieval Latin Turcus, from Byzantine Greek Tourkos, Persian turk, a national name, of unknown origin. Said to mean "strength" in Turkish. Cf. Chinese tu-kin, name given c.177 B.C.E. as that of a people living south of the Altai Mountains (identified by some with the Huns). In Persian, turk, in addition to the national name, also could mean "a beautiful youth," "a barbarian," "a robber."

Meaning "person of Irish descent" is first recorded 1914 in U.S., apparently originating among Irish-Americans; of unknown origin (Irish torc "boar, hog" has been suggested). Young Turk (1908) was a member of an early 20c. political group in the Ottoman Empire that sought rejuvenation of the Turkish nation. Turkish bath is attested from 1640s; Turkish delight from 1877.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper