To the north, Jowzjan borders on the Amu Darya River and Turkmenistan, a former part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
Her route is well planned, yet somewhere—on the streets of Tehran, in a yurt in Turkmenistan—Lin-Liu loses her way.
Tehran has been actively working against Israeli-Turkmen relations, but Turkmenistan has fiercely asserted its neutrality.
They are important in a way that a Kyrgyzstan or a Turkmenistan simply is not.
The giant irrigation projects began in the 1960s in the dry lands of Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan.
Republic in west-central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, by Uzbekistan to the north and northwest, by Afghanistan and Iran to the south, and by the Caspian Sea to the west. Its capital and largest city is Ashkhabad.
Note: This former member of the Soviet Union declared its independence in 1991.