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undershot

[uhn-der-shot; for 3 also uhn-der-shot] /ˈʌn dərˌʃɒt; for 3 also ˌʌn dərˈʃɒt/
adjective
1.
having the front teeth of the lower jaw projecting in front of the upper teeth, as a bulldog.
2.
driven by water passing beneath:
an undershot vertical water wheel.
verb
3.
simple past tense and past participle of undershoot.
Origin of undershot
1600-1610
First recorded in 1600-10; under- + shot2

undershoot

[uhn-der-shoot, uhn-der-shoot] /ˌʌn dərˈʃut, ˈʌn dərˌʃut/
verb (used with object), undershot, undershooting.
1.
to shoot or launch a projectile that strikes under or short of (a target).
2.
Aeronautics. (of an aircraft or pilot) to land before reaching (a landing strip) because of a too rapid loss of altitude.
verb (used without object), undershot, undershooting.
3.
to shoot or launch a projectile so as to strike under or short of a target.
Origin
First recorded in 1655-65; under- + shoot1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for undershot
Historical Examples
  • “He undershot, yet as I was bending close to it he would have bagged me,” I said.

    A Virginia Scout Hugh Pendexter
  • The rest of the work is the same as for the undershot wheel.

    Woodworking for Beginners Charles Gardner Wheeler
  • undershot wheel, and it looks like it could be raised or lowered.

    The Return H. Beam Piper and John J. McGuire
  • undershot wheel, and it looks as though it could be raised or lowered.

    The Return H. Beam Piper and John J. McGuire
  • With this undershot wheel, the shoot represented in the plate is not required.

    Toy-Making in School and Home

    Ruby Kathleen Polkinghorne and Mabel Irene Rutherford Polkinghorne
  • The jaws of all the sharks are so undershot that, in order to grip their prey, they must perforce turn over on their sides.

    Wild Folk

    Samuel Scoville
  • Scoop wheels are similar to undershot water wheels, and centrifugal pumps to turbines.

  • Its volume is sufficient, even in time of severest drought, to turn the undershot wheel of a large mill.

  • Sawyer Gundry could have taken him with one hand and tossed him over the undershot wheel.

    Erema R. D. Blackmore
  • The faded moonlight showed angry eyes, a jutting, undershot jaw and a sharp, pointed nose.

    The Whispering Spheres Russell Robert Winterbotham
British Dictionary definitions for undershot

undershot

/ˈʌndəˌʃɒt/
adjective
1.
(of the lower jaw) projecting beyond the upper jaw; underhung
2.
(of a water wheel) driven by a flow of water that passes under the wheel rather than over it See overshot

undershoot

/ˌʌndəˈʃuːt/
verb -shoots, -shooting, -shot
1.
(of a pilot) to cause (an aircraft) to land short of (a runway) or (of an aircraft) to land in this way
2.
to shoot a projectile so that it falls short of (a target)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for undershot

undershoot

v.

1660s, "to shoot too low," from under + shoot (v.). In reference to aircraft or pilots, recorded from 1918. Undershot as a type of water wheel is recorded from c.1600.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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undershot in Medicine

undershoot un·der·shoot (ŭn'dər-shōōt')
n.
A temporary decrease below the final steady-state value that may occur immediately following the removal of an influence that had been raising that value.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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