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dismay

[dis-mey] /dɪsˈmeɪ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to break down the courage of completely, as by sudden danger or trouble; dishearten thoroughly; daunt:
The surprise attack dismayed the enemy.
2.
to surprise in such a manner as to disillusion:
She was dismayed to learn of their disloyalty.
3.
to alarm; perturb:
The new law dismayed some of the more conservative politicians.
noun
4.
sudden or complete loss of courage; utter disheartenment.
5.
sudden disillusionment.
6.
agitation of mind; perturbation; alarm.
Origin of dismay
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English desmay (noun), de(s)mayen, dismayen (v.) < presumed AF alteration, by prefix change, of Old French esmaier to trouble, frighten < Vulgar Latin *exmagāre to disable, deprive of strength, equivalent to ex- ex-1 + *magāre < Germanic *magan to be able to; see may1
Related forms
dismayedness
[dis-meyd-nis, -mey-id-] /dɪsˈmeɪd nɪs, -ˈmeɪ ɪd-/ (Show IPA),
noun
dismayingly, adverb
undismayed, adjective
Synonyms
1. appall, terrify, frighten, scare, intimidate, disconcert. See discourage. 4. consternation, terror, panic, horror, fear.
Antonyms
1. hearten. 4. confidence.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for undismayed
Historical Examples
  • But the great man presented to him a calm and undismayed face.

    The Secret Agent Joseph Conrad
  • For all that, he stood his ground not a whit the less resolutely, and looked on undismayed.

    Barnaby Rudge Charles Dickens
  • Mr. Caryll proceeded, undismayed, to make good his accusation.

    The Lion's Skin Rafael Sabatini
  • “Oh, I know what Uncle Charlie will say,” replied the lad, undismayed.

    The Boy Settlers

    Noah Brooks
  • “And she has other good stories, too, you ought to hear,” continued Nan undismayed.

    Nan of Music Mountain Frank H. Spearman
  • She moved, frail and undismayed, to the source of revelation.

  • Madame O—— sat with them, undismayed by their frightful deportment.

  • undismayed, Hercules approached it, seized it, and held it fast.

  • The duchess gave one jump, and then remained quiet and undismayed.

    Miss Mackenzie

    Anthony Trollope
  • Immediately they were transformed into two sheltered and undismayed Arabs.

British Dictionary definitions for undismayed

dismay

/dɪsˈmeɪ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to fill with apprehension or alarm
2.
to fill with depression or discouragement
noun
3.
consternation or agitation
Derived Forms
dismaying, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French desmaiier (unattested), from des-dis-1 + esmayer to frighten, ultimately of Germanic origin; see may1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for undismayed
adj.

1610s, from un- (1) "not" + past participle of dismay.

dismay

v.

late 13c., dismaien, from Old French *desmaier (attested only in past participle dismaye), from Latin de- intensive prefix + Old French esmaier "to trouble, disturb," from Vulgar Latin *exmagare "divest of power or ability" (source of Italian smagare "to weaken, dismay, discourage"), from ex- (see ex-) + Germanic stem *mag- "power, ability" (cf. Old High German magen "to be powerful or able;" see may (v.)). Spanish desmayer "to be dispirited" is a loan word from Old French. Related: Dismayed; dismaying.

dismay

n.

c.1300, from dismay (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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