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extinguish

[ik-sting-gwish]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to put out (a fire, light, etc.); put out the flame of (something burning or lighted): to extinguish a candle.
  2. to put an end to or bring to an end; wipe out of existence; annihilate: to extinguish hope.
  3. to obscure or eclipse, as by superior brilliance.
  4. Law. to discharge (a debt), as by payment.

Origin of extinguish

1535–45; < Latin ex(s)tingu(ere) (ex- ex-1 + stinguere to quench) + -ish2
Related formsex·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectiveex·tin·guish·ment, nounnon·ex·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectivenon·ex·tin·guished, adjectivepre·ex·tin·guish, verb (used with object)pre·ex·tin·guish·ment, nounself-ex·tin·guish·ing, adjectiveun·ex·tin·guish·a·ble, adjectiveun·ex·tin·guished, adjective

Synonyms

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1. quench, smother, snuff out, blow out.

Antonyms

1. light, ignite.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for unextinguished

Historical Examples

  • Finally, all is black as night and the grave—for the light, unextinguished, glides away into some far-off world of peace.

    Recreations of Christopher North, Volume I (of 2)

    John Wilson

  • During this trip we came upon an unextinguished camp-fire that was spreading and about to become a forest fire.

    The Story of Scotch

    Enos A. Mills

  • Hair as black as the mustaches, and parted low at the side of the head, indicated also pretensions as yet unextinguished.

    Children of the Soil

    Henryk Sienkiewicz

  • Was it to this he was driven by "his country's love, and unextinguished thirst of praise?"

    The City of God, Volume I

    Aurelius Augustine

  • By neglect of the servant, some unextinguished embers had been placed in a barrel in the cellar of the building.

    Wieland; or The Transformation

    Charles Brockden Brown


British Dictionary definitions for unextinguished

extinguish

verb (tr)
  1. to put out or quench (a light, flames, etc)
  2. to remove or destroy entirely; annihilate
  3. archaic to eclipse or obscure by or as if by superior brilliance
  4. law to discharge (a debt)
Derived Formsextinguishable, adjectiveextinguisher, nounextinguishment, noun

Word Origin

C16: from Latin exstinguere, from stinguere to quench
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for unextinguished

extinguish

v.

c.1500 (implied in extinguishable), from Latin extinguere/exstinguere "quench, wipe out, obliterate," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + stinguere "quench," from PIE *steig- "to prick, stick, pierce." Related: Extinguished; extinguishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

unextinguished in Medicine

extinguish

(ĭk-stĭnggwĭsh)
n.
  1. To bring about the extinction of a conditioned response.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.