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extinguish

[ik-sting-gwish] /ɪkˈstɪŋ gwɪʃ/
verb (used with object)
1.
to put out (a fire, light, etc.); put out the flame of (something burning or lighted):
to extinguish a candle.
2.
to put an end to or bring to an end; wipe out of existence; annihilate:
to extinguish hope.
3.
to obscure or eclipse, as by superior brilliance.
4.
Law. to discharge (a debt), as by payment.
Origin of extinguish
1535-1545
1535-45; < Latin ex(s)tingu(ere) (ex- ex-1 + stinguere to quench) + -ish2
Related forms
extinguishable, adjective
extinguishment, noun
nonextinguishable, adjective
nonextinguished, adjective
preextinguish, verb (used with object)
preextinguishment, noun
self-extinguishing, adjective
unextinguishable, adjective
unextinguished, adjective
Synonyms
1. quench, smother, snuff out, blow out.
Antonyms
1. light, ignite.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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Examples from the Web for unextinguished
Historical Examples
  • Scatter, as from an unextinguished hearth Ashes and sparks, my words among mankind!

    The Story of Florence Edmund G. Gardner
  • Hair as black as the mustaches, and parted low at the side of the head, indicated also pretensions as yet unextinguished.

    Children of the Soil Henryk Sienkiewicz
  • It held only a washstand, a chest and an iron bedstead; and here, too, an unextinguished gas-jet flared.

    The Professor's Mystery Wells Hastings
  • Was it to this he was driven by "his country's love, and unextinguished thirst of praise?"

    The City of God, Volume I Aurelius Augustine
  • By neglect of the servant, some unextinguished embers had been placed in a barrel in the cellar of the building.

    Wieland; or The Transformation Charles Brockden Brown
  • The unextinguished scarf it had fallen to the ground with had got through its combustion briskly.

    It Never Can Happen Again William De Morgan
  • During this trip we came upon an unextinguished camp-fire that was spreading and about to become a forest fire.

    The Story of Scotch Enos A. Mills
  • Both were two days old, and both had started from unextinguished camp-fires.

    The Spell of the Rockies Enos A. Mills
  • Finally, all is black as night and the grave—for the light, unextinguished, glides away into some far-off world of peace.

  • Southey, I have lost friends—friends who still cherish for me sentiments of high esteem and unextinguished tenderness.

British Dictionary definitions for unextinguished

extinguish

/ɪkˈstɪŋɡwɪʃ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to put out or quench (a light, flames, etc)
2.
to remove or destroy entirely; annihilate
3.
(archaic) to eclipse or obscure by or as if by superior brilliance
4.
(law) to discharge (a debt)
Derived Forms
extinguishable, adjective
extinguisher, noun
extinguishment, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin exstinguere, from stinguere to quench
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for unextinguished

extinguish

v.

c.1500 (implied in extinguishable), from Latin extinguere/exstinguere "quench, wipe out, obliterate," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + stinguere "quench," from PIE *steig- "to prick, stick, pierce." Related: Extinguished; extinguishing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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unextinguished in Medicine

extinguish ex·tin·guish (ĭk-stĭng'gwĭsh)
n. ex·tin·guished, ex·tin·guish·ing, ex·tin·guish·es
To bring about the extinction of a conditioned response.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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