The villanelle is written in five three-lined stanzas, concluding with one of four lines.
This he followed by English versions of the rondel, rondeau and villanelle.
Lastly, the villanelle alternates one of two refrain lines at the end of each three-lined stanza.
Here, as in the villanelle, a change of signification in the repeated lines is thought to add to the charm of the form.
The villanelle J'ai perdu ma tourterelle and the ode on May-day show Passerat's art in its happiest moments.
The villanelle has been called "the most ravishing jewel worn by the Muse Erato."
1580s, from French villanelle, from Italian villanella "ballad, rural song," from fem. of villanello "rustic," from Medieval Latin villanus (see villain). As a poetic form, five 3-lined stanzas and a final quatrain, with only two rhymes throughout, usually of pastoral or lyric nature.