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or vizir

[vi-zeer, viz-yer] /vɪˈzɪər, ˈvɪz yər/
(formerly) a high official in certain Muslim countries and caliphates, especially a minister of state.
Compare grand vizier.
Origin of vizier
1555-65; < Turkish vezīr < Arabic wazīr
Related forms
[vi-zeer-it, -eyt, viz-yer-it, -yuh-reyt] /vɪˈzɪər ɪt, -eɪt, ˈvɪz yər ɪt, -yəˌreɪt/ (Show IPA),
viziership, noun
vizierial, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for vizier


a high official in certain Muslim countries, esp in the former Ottoman Empire. Viziers served in various capacities, such as that of provincial governor or chief minister to the sultan
Derived Forms
vizierial, vizirial, adjective
viziership, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Turkish vezīr, from Arabic wazīr porter, from wazara to bear a burden
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for vizier

1560s, from Turkish vezir "counsellor," from Arabic wazir "viceroy," literally "one who bears (the burden of office)," literally "porter, carrier," from wazara "he carried." But Klein says Arabic wazir is from Avestan viçira "arbitrator, judge." He also says it replaced Arabic katib, literally "writer," in the sense "secretary of state."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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