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withhold

[with-hohld, with-] /wɪθˈhoʊld, wɪð-/
verb (used with object), withheld, withholding.
1.
to hold back; restrain or check.
2.
to refrain from giving or granting:
to withhold payment.
3.
to collect (taxes) at the source of income.
4.
to deduct (withholding tax) from an employee's salary or wages.
verb (used without object), withheld, withholding.
5.
to hold back; refrain.
6.
to deduct withholding tax.
Origin of withhold
1150-1200
First recorded in 1150-1200, withhold is from the Middle English word withholden. See with-, hold1
Related forms
withholder, noun
unwithheld, adjective
Synonyms
1, 2. suppress, repress. See keep.
Antonyms
1, 2. advance.

withholding tax

noun
1.
that part of an employee's tax liability withheld by the employer from wages or salary and paid directly to the government.
Also called withholding.
Origin
First recorded in 1940-45
Related forms
unwithholding, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for withholding
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The withholding of the father's blessing, in the Bible, was curse.

    Slavery Ordained of God Rev. Fred A. Ross, D.D.
  • He seemed oddly struggling with some withholding uncertainties of his own.

    The Innocent Adventuress Mary Hastings Bradley
  • This was natural enough, for they had most to gain by withholding payment.

    Ireland as It Is Robert John Buckley (AKA R.J.B.)
  • It distinctly recommended the withholding of the annual supplies.

  • Did she, like the rest of them, suspect me of seeking to frustrate his suit by withholding his fortune?

    Dross

    Henry Seton Merriman
British Dictionary definitions for withholding

withhold

/wɪðˈhəʊld/
verb -holds, -holding, -held
1.
(transitive) to keep back; refrain from giving: he withheld his permission
2.
(transitive) to hold back; restrain
3.
(transitive) to deduct (taxes, etc) from a salary or wages
4.
(intransitive) usually foll by from. to refrain or forbear
Derived Forms
withholder, noun

withholding tax

noun
1.
tax deducted at source from income, esp from dividends, paid to nonresidents of a country, which may be reclaimed if a double-taxation agreement exists between the country in which the income is paid and the country of residence of the recipient
2.
(US) a portion of an employee's tax liability paid directly to the government by the employer
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for withholding

withhold

v.

c.1200, from with- "back, away" (see with) + holden "to hold" (see hold (v.)); probably a loan-translation of Latin retinere "to withhold." Related: Withheld; withholding. Past participle form withholden was still used 19c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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withholding in Culture

withholding tax definition


The tax withheld (or deducted) directly from one's paycheck.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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