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zemstvo

[zemst-voh; Russian zyem-stvuh] /ˈzɛmst voʊ; Russian ˈzyɛm stvə/
noun, plural zemstvos
[zemst-vohz] /ˈzɛmst voʊz/ (Show IPA).
Russian History.
1.
one of a system of elected local assemblies established in 1864 by Alexander II to replace the authority of the nobles in administering local affairs after the abolition of serfdom: became the core of the liberal movement from 1905 to 1917.
Origin of zemstvo
1860-1865
1860-65; < Russian zémstvo, derivative of zemlyá land, earth; see humus
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for zemstvo
Historical Examples
  • And in the evening she would hold forth about the zemstvo and schools.

  • The service ended, the Tsar receives the members of the zemstvo.

    The Russian Opera Rosa Newmarch
  • I have saved the zemstvo from expenditure even on disinfectants.

    Letters of Anton Chekhov Anton Chekhov
  • Don't think of me as a literary man while I am in the service of the zemstvo.

    Letters of Anton Chekhov Anton Chekhov
  • Let him come and see how our zemstvo doctors work and what they do for the people.

  • The zemstvo and municipal bodies were advised to keep from political utterings.

    Our Revolution Leon Trotzky
  • Out of the total of its revenue the zemstvo spends about twenty-eight per cent.

    Russia Donald Mackenzie Wallace
  • To this cry of alarm the zemstvo was neither deaf nor indifferent.

    Russia Donald Mackenzie Wallace
  • Instead of adopting this simple procedure, what does the zemstvo do?

    Russia Donald Mackenzie Wallace
  • The younger sister, Genya, was silent while they were talking of the zemstvo.

British Dictionary definitions for zemstvo

zemstvo

/ˈzɛmstvəʊ; Russian ˈzjɛmstvə/
noun (pl) -stvos
1.
(in tsarist Russia) an elective provincial or district council established in most provinces of Russia by Alexander II in 1864 as part of his reform policy
Word Origin
C19: from Russian, from zemlya land; related to Latin humus earth, Greek khamai on the ground
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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21
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