[zemst-voh; Russian zyem-stvuh]
- one of a system of elected local assemblies established in 1864 by Alexander II to replace the authority of the nobles in administering local affairs after the abolition of serfdom: became the core of the liberal movement from 1905 to 1917.
Origin of zemstvo
1860–65; < Russian zémstvo, derivative of zemlyá land, earth; see humus
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Examples from the Web for zemstvo
And in the evening she would hold forth about the Zemstvo and schools.The House with the Mezzanine and Other Stories
The service ended, the Tsar receives the members of the Zemstvo.The Russian Opera
Don't think of me as a literary man while I am in the service of the Zemstvo.
I have saved the Zemstvo from expenditure even on disinfectants.
Let him come and see how our Zemstvo doctors work and what they do for the people.Reminiscences of Anton Chekhov
- (in tsarist Russia) an elective provincial or district council established in most provinces of Russia by Alexander II in 1864 as part of his reform policy
C19: from Russian, from zemlya land; related to Latin humus earth, Greek khamai on the ground
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012