Origin of -ard
Words nearby -ard
WORDS THAT USE -ARD
What does -ard mean?
The combining form -ard is a suffix denoting “someone who engages often in an activity,” and it is frequently pejorative. It is often used in everyday terms.
The form -ard comes from German -hard, meaning “strong; hardy; hard,” which is a cognate of English hard.
What are variants of -ard?
In some rare instances, the form -ard becomes -art, as in braggart. Want to know more? Read our Words That Use article about -art.
Examples of -ard
An example of a word you may have encountered that features -ard is drunkard, “a habitual drinker of alcohol who is frequently intoxicated.”
The drunk- part of the word means “intoxicated.” The suffix -ard, as we have seen, is a suffix that means “someone who engages often in an activity,” often in a pejorative sense. Drunkard literally translates to “someone who is often intoxicated.”
What are some words that use the equivalent of the combining form -ard in Middle English or Old French?
What are some other forms that -ard may be commonly confused with?
Not every word that ends with the exact letters -ard, such as forward or board, is necessarily using the combining form -ard to denote “someone who engages often in an activity.” Learn why forward means “onward” at our entry for the word.
How to use -ard in a sentence
Mr Adams said it had not been a unanimous Ard Comhairle decision but there had been a healthy majority.Queen and Irish Nationalist WILL Shake Hands|Tom Sykes|June 22, 2012|DAILY BEAST
"I've spent time building bridges to all factions in that debate, trying to work tow ard compromise," he said.Lou Dobbs' Big Fox Comeback|Howard Kurtz|November 10, 2010|DAILY BEAST
Lean up agin the doors o' public-'ouses, I do, and work 'ard at it!
Let the Old Man see ye up for'ard monkeyshinin' with the hands and ye'll get a hidin' ye'll not forget in a hurry.Fifty Contemporary One-Act Plays|Various
The coastguards had hoisted the one point downwards, indicating a gale from the south'ard.Yachting Vol. 2|Various.
Now, in the ol' days, I've seen a dozen whales to wind'ard an' we couldn't get to 'em at all.The Boy With the U. S. Fisheries|Francis Rolt-Wheeler
I was a power in th' wa-ard in thim days, an' feared no man alive.Mr. Dooley in Peace and in War|Finley Peter Dunne