definitions
  • synonyms

-en

1

a suffix formerly used to form transitive and intransitive verbs from adjectives (fasten; harden; sweeten), or from nouns (heighten; lengthen; strengthen).

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Nearby words

-ein, -ella, -elle, -eme, -emia, -en, -ence, -enchyma, -ency, -end, -ene

Origin of -en

1
Middle English, Old English -n- (as in Middle English fast-n-en, Old English fǣst-n-ian to make fast, fasten); cognate with -n- of like verbs in other Gmc languages (Old Norse fastna)

Definition for -en (2 of 5)

-en

2

a suffix used to form adjectives of source or material from nouns: ashen; golden; oaken.

Origin of -en

2
Middle English, Old English; cognate with Old High German -īn, Gothic -eins, Latin -īnus; see -ine1

Definition for -en (3 of 5)

-en

3

a suffix used to mark the past participle in many strong and some weak verbs: taken; proven.

Origin of -en

3
Middle English, Old English; cognate with German -en, Old Norse -inn

Definition for -en (4 of 5)

-en

4

a suffix used in forming the plural of some nouns: brethren; children; oxen.

Origin of -en

4
Middle English; Old English -an, case ending of n-stem nouns, as in naman oblique singular, and nominative and accusative plural of nama name; akin to n-stem forms in other IE languages, as in Latin nōmen, nōmin- name

Definition for -en (5 of 5)

-en

5

a diminutive suffix: kitten; maiden.

Origin of -en

5
Middle English, Old English, from neuter of -en2
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

British Dictionary definitions for -en (1 of 2)

-en

1

suffix forming verbs

cause to be; become; cause to haveblacken; heighten

Word Origin for -en

Old English -n-, as in fæst-n-ian to fasten, of common Germanic origin; compare Icelandic fastna

British Dictionary definitions for -en (2 of 2)

-en

2

suffix forming adjectives

of; made of; resemblingashen; earthen; wooden

Word Origin for -en

Old English -en; related to Gothic -eins, Latin -īnus -ine 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012