WORD ORIGIN a suffix of adjectives of Greek or Latin origin, meaning “of or pertaining to,” “of the nature of,” “made of,” “like”: asinine; crystalline; equine; marine. Origin of -ine 1
Latin -īnus, -inus < Greek -inos a suffix, of no assignable meaning, appearing in nouns of Greek, Latin, or French origin: doctrine; famine; routine. a noun suffix used particularly in chemical terms ( bromine; chlorine), and especially in names of basic substances ( amine; aniline; caffeine; quinine; quinoline). Compare -in. 2 a suffix of feminine nouns ( heroine), given names ( Clementine), and titles ( landgravine). Origin of -ine 2
French < Latin -ina, orig. feminine of -inus; also representing Greek -inē, feminine noun suffix
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019
British Dictionary definitions for -ine suffix forming adjectives of, relating to, or belonging to saturnine consisting of or resembling crystalline Word Origin for -ine
-īnus, from Greek -inos suffix forming nouns indicating a halogen chlorine indicating a nitrogenous organic compound, including amino acids, alkaloids, and certain other bases alanine; nicotine; purine Also: -in indicating a chemical substance in certain nonsystematic names glycerine indicating a mixture of hydrocarbons benzine indicating a feminine form heroine an obsolete equivalent of -yne Word Origin for -ine
via French from Latin
-ina (from -inus) and Greek -inē
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for -ine 1
suffix used to form adjectives from nouns, from French
-ine, fem. of -in, or directly from Latin -inus "of, like." 2
chemical suffix, sometimes
-in, though modern use distinguishes them; early 19c., from French -ine, from Latin -ina, fem. form of suffix used to form adjectives from nouns. In French commonly used to form words for derived substances, hence its extended use in chemistry.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
suff. or -in A chemical substance: bromine, amine, quinine. Amino acid: glycine.
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