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a combining form meaning “having leaves” of the kind or number specified by the initial element: diphyllous; monophyllous.
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Origin of -phyllous

<Greek -phyllos, derivative of phýllon leaf
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023


What does -phyllous mean?

The combining formphyllous is used like a suffix meaning “having leaves.” It is occasionally used in scientific terms, especially in biology.

The form –phyllous ultimately comes from Greek phýllon, meaning “leaf.” The Latin cognate of phýllon is folium, also meaning “leaf,” which is the source of words such as foil, foliage, and folio. To learn more, check out our entries for these three terms.

Closely related to –phyllous are the combining forms phyllo, phyll, and phyll, which you can learn more about in our Words That Use articles on the forms.

Examples of -phyllous

A scientific term that uses the form –phyllous is stenophyllous, “having narrow leaves.”

The steno part of the word means “narrow,” from Greek stenós. The –phyllous part of the word means “having leaves,” as we know. Stenophyllous literally translates to “having narrow leaves.”

What are some words that use the combining form –phyllous?

What are some other forms that –phyllous may be commonly confused with?

Break it down!

The combining form mono means “single” or “one.” With this in mind, what does monophyllous literally mean?

British Dictionary definitions for -phyllous


adj combining form
having leaves of a specified number or typemonophyllous

Word Origin for -phyllous

from Greek -phullos of a leaf
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012