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-trix

  1. a suffix occurring in loanwords from Latin, where it formed feminine nouns or adjectives corresponding to agent nouns ending in -tor ( Bellatrix ). On this model, -trix is used in English to form feminine nouns ( aviatrix; executrix ) and geometrical terms denoting straight lines ( directrix ).


-trix

suffix forming nouns

  1. indicating a feminine agent, corresponding to nouns ending in -tor

    executrix



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Gender Note

A suffix borrowed directly from Latin, -trix has been used since the 15th century on feminine agent nouns that correspond to a masculine (in Latin) or generic (in English) agent noun ending in -tor: aviator, aviatrix; legislator, legislatrix; orator, oratrix. Most nouns in -trix have dropped from general use, so that terms like aviatrix, benefactrix, legislatrix, oratrix, and proprietrix occur rarely or not at all in present-day English. The forms in -tor are applied to both men and women: Her sister is the proprietor of a new restaurant. When relevant, gender is specified with the generic term: Amelia Earhart was a pioneer woman aviator. Legal documents still use administratrix, executrix, inheritrix, and the like, but these forms too are giving way to the -tor forms. -enne, -ess, -ette.

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Word History and Origins

Origin of -trix1

From Latin -trīx, stem -trīc-

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Word History and Origins

Origin of -trix1

from Latin

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Example Sentences

Father is going away too, and of course I couldn't leave the mater and Trix.

Girls nowadays think it chic to affect fads, but Trix is no more a 'new woman' than I am a winged saint.

She saw the Dowager's paint t'other day, and asked her why she wore that red stuff—didn't you, Trix?

Trix will never stop at home; mother's in love with you,—yes, I think mother's in love with you.

You can't help being handsome, Trix; no more can the Prince help following you.

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