- to reduce in amount, degree, intensity, etc.; lessen; diminish: to abate a tax; to abate one's enthusiasm.
- to put an end to or suppress (a nuisance).
- to suspend or extinguish (an action).
- to annul (a writ).
- to deduct or subtract: to abate part of the cost.
- to omit: to abate all mention of names.
- to remove, as in stone carving, or hammer down, as in metalwork, (a portion of a surface) in order to produce a figure or pattern in low relief.
- to diminish in intensity, violence, amount, etc.: The storm has abated. The pain in his shoulder finally abated.
- Law. to end; become null and void.
Origin of abate
Related Wordsslow, slacken, ebb, wane, dwindle, recede, taper, subside, decrease, diminish, dull, decline, subdue, reduce, coast, quell, allay, moderate, cool, unlax
Examples from the Web for abates
In comes Ailie: one look at her quiets and abates the eager students.Spare Hours
In comes Ailie; one look at her quiets and abates the eager students.Journeys Through Bookland, Vol. 6
Charles H. Sylvester
My dear, I have many lonely hours; I have much suffering, which abates enthusiasm.Missy
Miriam Coles Harris
Whether or not it abates one half the guilt, I make the confession.Forty Years in the Wilderness of Pills and Powders
William A. Alcott
The bedchambers have low windows, which abates the dignity of the house.Life Of Johnson, Volume 5
- to make or become less in amount, intensity, degree, etcthe storm has abated
- (tr) law
- to remove, suppress, or terminate (a nuisance)
- to suspend or extinguish (a claim or action)
- to annul (a writ)
- (intr) law (of a writ, legal action, etc) to become null and void
- (tr) to subtract or deduct, as part of a price
Word Origin and History for abates
"put an end to" (c.1300); "to grow less, diminish in power or influence" (early 14c.), from Old French abattre "beat down, cast down," from Vulgar Latin *abbatere, from Latin ad "to" (see ad-) + battuere "to beat" (see batter (v.)). Secondary sense of "to fell, slaughter" is in abatis and abattoir. Related: Abated; abating.