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subside

[suh b-sahyd]
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verb (used without object), sub·sid·ed, sub·sid·ing.
  1. to sink to a low or lower level.
  2. to become quiet, less active, or less violent; abate: The laughter subsided.
  3. to sink or fall to the bottom; settle; precipitate: to cause coffee grounds to subside.
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Origin of subside

1640–50; < Latin subsīdere, equivalent to sub- sub- + sīdere to sit, settle; akin to sedēre to be seated; see sit1
Related formssub·sid·ence [suh b-sahyd-ns, suhb-si-dns] /səbˈsaɪd ns, ˈsʌb sɪ dns/, nounsub·sid·er, nounnon·sub·sid·ing, adjectiveun·sub·sid·ed, adjectiveun·sub·sid·ing, adjective
Can be confusedsubside subsistsubsidence subsistence

Synonyms

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1. decline, descend, settle. 2. diminish, lessen, wane, ebb.

Antonyms

1. rise. 2. increase.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for subside

subside

verb (intr)
  1. to become less loud, excited, violent, etc; abate
  2. to sink or fall to a lower level
  3. (of the surface of the earth, etc) to cave in; collapse
  4. (of sediment, etc) to sink or descend to the bottom; settle
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Derived Formssubsider, noun

Word Origin

C17: from Latin subsīdere to settle down, from sub- down + sīdere to settle
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for subside

v.

1680s, "to sink to the bottom," from Latin subsidere "settle, sink, sit down or remain," from sub "down" (see sub-) + sidere "to settle," related to sedere (see sedentary). Meaning "to sink to a lower level, be reduced" is from 1706. Related: Subsided; subsiding.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper