ablative

1
[ab-luh-tiv]Grammar
adjective
  1. (in some inflected languages) noting a case that has among its functions the indication of place from which or, as in Latin, place in which, manner, means, instrument, or agent.
noun
  1. the ablative case.
  2. a word in that case, as Troiā in Latin Aenēas Troiā vēnit, “Aeneas came from Troy.”

Origin of ablative

1
First recorded in 1400–50; late Middle English word from Latin word ablātīvus. See ablate, -ive
Related formsab·la·ti·val [ab-luh-tahy-vuh l] /ˌæb ləˈtaɪ vəl/, adjective

ablative

2
[a-bley-tiv]
adjective
  1. capable of or susceptible to ablation; tending to ablate: the ablative nose cone of a rocket.

Origin of ablative

2
First recorded in 1560–70; ablate + -ive
Related formsab·la·tive·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for ablative

Historical Examples of ablative


British Dictionary definitions for ablative

ablative

adjective
  1. (in certain inflected languages such as Latin) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument, manner, or place of the action described by the verb
noun
    1. the ablative case
    2. a word or speech element in the ablative case
  1. taking away or removingablative surgery
  2. able to disintegrate or be worn away at a very high temperaturea thick layer of ablative material
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ablative
n.

mid-15c., from Middle French ablatif, from Latin (casus) ablativus "(case) of removal," expressing direction from a place or time, coined by Julius Caesar from ablatus "taken away," past participle of auferre "carrying away," from ab- "away" (see ab-) + irregular verb ferre (past participle latum; see oblate) "to carry, to bear" (see infer).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper