Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

abrupt

[uh-bruhpt]
See more synonyms for abrupt on Thesaurus.com
adjective
  1. sudden or unexpected: an abrupt departure.
  2. curt or brusque in speech, manner, etc.: an abrupt reply.
  3. terminating or changing suddenly: an abrupt turn in a road.
  4. having many sudden changes from one subject to another; lacking in continuity or smoothness: an abrupt writing style.
  5. steep; precipitous: an abrupt descent.
  6. Botany. truncate(def 4).
Show More

Origin of abrupt

1575–85; < Latin abruptus broken off (past participle of abrumpere), equivalent to ab- ab- + -rup- break + -tus past participle suffix
Related formsab·rupt·ly, adverbab·rupt·ness, nounun·ab·rupt·ly, adverb

Synonyms

See more synonyms for abrupt on Thesaurus.com
1, 3. quick, sharp. See sudden. 2. short, hurried, hasty, blunt. 4. discontinuous, broken, uneven.

Antonyms

1, 3. gradual. 2. deliberate; patient, courteous.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for abruptness

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • With an abruptness that almost awakened her, he carried her in to his wife.

    Dust

    Mr. and Mrs. Haldeman-Julius

  • The abruptness of the action did not create any emotion in him—his thoughts were absent.

  • Noting she looked hurt at his abruptness, he kissed her quickly.

    The End of Time

    Wallace West

  • He admitted the impeachment in the midst of his astonishment with an abruptness equal to her own.

    The Golden Woman

    Ridgwell Cullum

  • He stopped in the middle of the room with an abruptness which portended something.

    The Lure of the Mask

    Harold MacGrath


British Dictionary definitions for abruptness

abrupt

adjective
  1. sudden; unexpected
  2. brusque or brief in speech, manner, etc; curt
  3. (of a style of writing or speaking) making sharp transitions from one subject to another; disconnected
  4. precipitous; steep
  5. botany shaped as though a part has been cut off; truncate
  6. geology (of strata) cropping out suddenly
Show More
Derived Formsabruptly, adverbabruptness, noun

Word Origin

C16: from Latin abruptus broken off, from ab- 1 + rumpere to break
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for abruptness

abrupt

adj.

1580s, from Latin abruptus "broken off, precipitous, disconnected," past participle of abrumpere "break off," from ab- "off" (see ab-) + rumpere "break" (see rupture (n.)). Related: Abruptly; abruptness.

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper