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absolutism

[ab-suh-loo-tiz-uh m]
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noun
  1. the principle or the exercise of complete and unrestricted power in government.
  2. any theory holding that values, principles, etc., are absolute and not relative, dependent, or changeable.
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Origin of absolutism

First recorded in 1745–55
Related formsab·so·lut·ist, noun, adjectiveab·so·lu·tis·tic, adjectiveab·so·lu·tis·ti·cal·ly, adverbnon·ab·so·lut·ist, nounnon·ab·so·lu·tis·tic, adjectivenon·ab·so·lu·tis·ti·cal·ly, adverbpro·ab·so·lut·ism, nounpro·ab·so·lut·ist, adjective, noun

Synonyms

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1. totalitarianism.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for absolutists

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Interpenetration and co-operation may supply the place of the metaphysical unity at which the Absolutists aim.

    Nature Mysticism

    J. Edward Mercer

  • Both thinkers are absolutists in principle, though Hobbes gives to a monarch the power which Bentham gives to a democracy.

  • It is probably this last notion that, consciously or unconsciously, weighs most in the psychology of the Absolutists creed.

    The Behavior of Crowds

    Everett Dean Martin

  • Their departure was almost immediately followed by open riots in favour of the absolutists.

  • The Ritualists were absolutists in their political views and accepted the King's intervention in church matters.


British Dictionary definitions for absolutists

absolutism

noun
  1. the principle or practice of a political system in which unrestricted power is vested in a monarch, dictator, etc; despotism
  2. philosophy
    1. any theory which holds that truth or moral or aesthetic value is absolute and universal and not relative to individual or social differencesCompare relativism
    2. the doctrine that reality is unitary and unchanging and that change and diversity are mere illusionSee also monism (def. 2), pluralism (def. 5b)
  3. Christianity an uncompromising form of the doctrine of predestination
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Derived Formsabsolutist, noun, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for absolutists

absolutism

n.

1753 in theology; 1830 in politics, in which sense it was first used by British reformer and parliamentarian Maj. Gen. Thomas Perronet Thompson (1783-1869). See absolute and -ism.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper