- relatively independent syntactically. The construction It being Sunday in It being Sunday, the family went to church is an absolute construction.
- (of a usually transitive verb) used without an object, as the verb give in The charity asked him to give.
- (of an adjective) having its noun understood, not expressed, as poor in The poor are always with us.
- characterizing the phonological form of a word or phrase occurring by itself, not influenced by surrounding forms, as not in is not (as opposed to isn't), or will in they will (as opposed to they'll).Compare sandhi.
- independent of arbitrary standards or of particular properties of substances or systems: absolute humidity.
- pertaining to a system of units, as the centimeter-gram-second system, based on some primary units, especially units of length, mass, and time.
- pertaining to a measurement based on an absolute zero or unit: absolute temperature.
- something that is free from any restriction or condition.
- something that is independent of some or all relations.
- something that is perfect or complete.
- (in Hegelianism) the world process operating in accordance with the absolute idea.
Origin of absolute
Synonyms for absolute
Antonyms for absolute
Related Words for absolutesheer, full, unqualified, complete, unadulterated, simple, unlimited, outright, pure, infinite, utter, unconditional, dictatorial, arbitrary, genuine, categorical, undeniable, unmitigated, unequivocal, definite
Examples from the Web for absolute
Contemporary Examples of absolute
They are to face oppression with humble persistence and absolute conviction.Mexico’s Priests Are Marked for Murder
January 7, 2015
House rules require an absolute majority of members voting to choose a speaker.Kamikaze Congress Prepares to Strike Boehner
January 6, 2015
Absent a body, no one can say with absolute certainty whether Castro is dead, even if all signs point in that direction.
And this song is just absolute genius and totally universal.Yes, I Like Christmas Music. Stop Laughing.
December 24, 2014
You have to risk it, and be in danger of looking like an absolute fool.The Brit Who Stormed Broadway
December 7, 2014
Historical Examples of absolute
Absolute directness was a part of her nature; she could die, but not manouvre.Malbone
Thomas Wentworth Higginson
It is there, not only with its help, but with its absolute knowledge of the right way for me to act.The Conquest of Fear
What if their necessity of simulating it comes of its absolute necessity!Weighed and Wanting
Though the right to live is absolute, it is not unconditional.
There is no good art, any more than there is good anything else in the absolute sense.
- (postpositive)(of a pressure measurement) not relative to atmospheric pressurethe pressure was 5 bar absolute Compare gauge (def. 18)
- denoting absolute or thermodynamic temperature
- (of a constant) never changing in value
- Also: numerical(of an inequality) unconditional
- (of a term) not containing a variable
Word Origin for absolute
noun (sometimes not capital)
- the ultimate basis of reality
- that which is totally unconditioned, unrestricted, pure, perfect, or complete
late 14c., "unrestricted; complete, perfect;" also "not relative to something else" (mid-15c.), from Middle French absolut (14c., Old French asolu, Modern French absolu), from Latin absolutus, past participle of absolvere "to set free, make separate" (see absolve).
Most of the current senses also were in the Latin word. Sense evolution was "detached, disengaged," thus "perfect, pure." Meaning "despotic" (1610s) is from notion of "absolute in position." Absolute monarchy is recorded from 1735 (absolute king is recorded from 1610s); scientific absolute magnitude (1902), absolute value (1907) are from early 20c. In metaphysics, the absolute "that which is absolute" is from 1809.