- relatively independent syntactically. The construction It being Sunday in It being Sunday, the family went to church is an absolute construction.
- (of a usually transitive verb) used without an object, as the verb give in The charity asked him to give.
- (of an adjective) having its noun understood, not expressed, as poor in The poor are always with us.
- characterizing the phonological form of a word or phrase occurring by itself, not influenced by surrounding forms, as not in is not (as opposed to isn't), or will in they will (as opposed to they'll).Compare sandhi.
- independent of arbitrary standards or of particular properties of substances or systems: absolute humidity.
- pertaining to a system of units, as the centimeter-gram-second system, based on some primary units, especially units of length, mass, and time.
- pertaining to a measurement based on an absolute zero or unit: absolute temperature.
- something that is free from any restriction or condition.
- something that is independent of some or all relations.
- something that is perfect or complete.
- (in Hegelianism) the world process operating in accordance with the absolute idea.
Origin of absolute
Examples from the Web for absolute
They are to face oppression with humble persistence and absolute conviction.
House rules require an absolute majority of members voting to choose a speaker.
Absent a body, no one can say with absolute certainty whether Castro is dead, even if all signs point in that direction.
And this song is just absolute genius and totally universal.
You have to risk it, and be in danger of looking like an absolute fool.
It commands with absolute lordship, but it can discipline for disobedience only by slow and formal judicial process.Congressional Government|Woodrow Wilson
Still, the absolute necessity of some 'sanction' of a spiritual kind seemed clear to him.The Life of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen, Bart., K.C.S.I.|Sir Leslie Stephen
The absolute system, the final fulfilment, is in the same case.Studies in Logical Theory|John Dewey
This would make God descend to the level of the useful, as if our wants were the measure of the Absolute.Bouvard and Pcuchet|Gustave Flaubert
Doctor James told his story with an admirable restraint and an absolute absence of coloring.The Law of Hemlock Mountain|Hugh Lundsford
British Dictionary definitions for absolute (1 of 2)
- (postpositive) (of a pressure measurement) not relative to atmospheric pressurethe pressure was 5 bar absolute Compare gauge (def. 18)
- denoting absolute or thermodynamic temperature
- (of a constant) never changing in value
- Also: numerical (of an inequality) unconditional
- (of a term) not containing a variable
Word Origin for absolute
British Dictionary definitions for absolute (2 of 2)
noun (sometimes not capital)
- the ultimate basis of reality
- that which is totally unconditioned, unrestricted, pure, perfect, or complete
Word Origin and History for absolute
late 14c., "unrestricted; complete, perfect;" also "not relative to something else" (mid-15c.), from Middle French absolut (14c., Old French asolu, Modern French absolu), from Latin absolutus, past participle of absolvere "to set free, make separate" (see absolve).
Most of the current senses also were in the Latin word. Sense evolution was "detached, disengaged," thus "perfect, pure." Meaning "despotic" (1610s) is from notion of "absolute in position." Absolute monarchy is recorded from 1735 (absolute king is recorded from 1610s); scientific absolute magnitude (1902), absolute value (1907) are from early 20c. In metaphysics, the absolute "that which is absolute" is from 1809.