Architecture, Civil Engineering.
a masonry mass supporting and receiving the thrust of part of an arch or vault.
a force that serves to abut an arch or vault.
a mass, as of masonry, receiving the arch, beam, truss, etc., at each end of a bridge.
a mass or structure for resisting the pressure of water on a bridge, pier, or the like.
each of the parts of a canyon or the like receiving the thrusts of an arch dam.
a structure for absorbing tensions from reinforcing strands for concrete being prestressed.
the place where projecting parts meet; junction.
Dentistry. a tooth or tooth root that supports or stabilizes a bridge, denture, or other prosthetic appliance.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023
How to use abutment in a sentence
On the abutment towers the chains are connected by horizontal links, carried on rockers, to anchor ties.
A more common type is a bridge with two leaves or bascules, one hinged at each abutment.
Let n (Fig. 55) be the distance of the load from D′, x1 the distance of D′ from the left abutment, and p the length of a bay.
This steep portion of the ladder was wrought in an abutment of the turret, where its base projected beyond the wall of the donjon.The Pilgrim's Shell or Fergan the Quarryman | Eugne Sue
On the west side timbers and wool sacks were sunk into a quicksand upon which to rest the foundations of the abutment.The Old Pike | Thomas B. Searight
British Dictionary definitions for abutment
the state or process of abutting
something that abuts
the thing on which something abuts
the point of junction between them
architect civil engineering a construction that takes the thrust of an arch or vault or supports the end of a bridge
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012