active

[ ak-tiv ]
/ ˈæk tɪv /

adjective

noun


Nearby words

  1. activated sludge,
  2. activation,
  3. activation analysis,
  4. activation energy,
  5. activator,
  6. active anaphylaxis,
  7. active centre,
  8. active chronic hepatitis,
  9. active congestion,
  10. active duty

Origin of active

1300–50; < Latin āctīvus (see act, -ive); replacing Middle English actif < Middle French < Latin

Related forms

Synonym study

3. Active, energetic, strenuous, vigorous imply a liveliness and briskness in accomplishing something. Active suggests quickness and diligence as opposed to laziness or dilatory methods: an active and useful person. Energetic suggests forceful and intense, sometimes nervous, activity: conducting an energetic campaign. Strenuous implies arduous and zealous activity with a sense of urgency: a strenuous effort. Vigorous suggests strong, effective activity: using vigorous measures to accomplish an end.

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019


British Dictionary definitions for activeness

active

/ (ˈæktɪv) /

adjective

noun

grammar
  1. the active voice
  2. an active verb
mainly US a member of an organization who participates in its activities
Derived Formsactively, adverbactiveness, noun

Word Origin for active

C14: from Latin āctīvus. See act, -ive

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for activeness

active

adj.

mid-14c., "given to worldly activity" (opposed to contemplative or monastic), from Old French actif (12c.) or directly from Latin activus, from actus (see act (n.)). As "capable of acting" (opposed to passive), from late 14c. Meaning "energetic, lively" is from 1590s; that of "working, effective, in operation" is from 1640s. Active voice is recorded from 1765 (grammatical use of active dates from mid-15c.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper