acyl

[ as-il, -eel ]

adjectiveChemistry.
  1. containing the acyl group.

Origin of acyl

1
1895–1900; <German: an organic radical derived from an acid; see acid, -yl

Words Nearby acyl

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British Dictionary definitions for acyl

acyl

/ (ˈeɪsaɪl) /


noun
  1. (modifier) of, denoting, or containing the monovalent group of atoms RCO-, where R is an organic group: acyl group or radical; acyl substitution

  2. an organometallic compound in which a metal atom is directly bound to an acyl group

Origin of acyl

1
C20: from acid + -yl

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for acyl

acyl

[ ăsəl ]


  1. An organic compound containing the group RCO, where R is a halogen. Acyls are formed from organic acids by replacing the hydroxyl group (OH) within the carboxyl group (COOH) with a halogen. For example, acetyl chloride (CH3COCl) is formed by replacing the hydroxyl group of acetic acid (CH3COOH) with a chlorine atom. The names of acyls are formed by replacing the suffix -ic of the acid's name with -yl.

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