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affectation

[ af-ek-tey-shuhn ]
/ ˌæf ɛkˈteɪ ʃən /
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noun

an effort to appear to have a quality not really or fully possessed; the pretense of actual possession: an affectation of interest in art; affectation of great wealth.
conspicuous artificiality of manner or appearance; effort to attract notice by pretense, assumption, or any assumed peculiarity.
a trait, action, or expression characterized by such artificiality: a man of a thousand affectations.
Obsolete.
  1. strenuous pursuit, desire, or aspiration.
  2. affection; fondness: his affectation of literature.

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Origin of affectation

First recorded in 1540–50; from Latin affectātiōn- (stem of affectātiō ) “a striving after,” equivalent to affectāt(us), past participle of affectāre “to strive after, feign” + -iōn- a suffix forming nouns; see affect2, -ate1,-ion
non·af·fec·ta·tion, noun
affectation , affection
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for affectation

affectation
/ (ˌæfɛkˈteɪʃən) /

noun

an assumed manner of speech, dress, or behaviour, esp one that is intended to impress others
(often foll by of) deliberate pretence or false displayaffectation of nobility
C16: from Latin affectātiōn- an aiming at, striving after, from affectāre; see affect ²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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