afflict

[ uh-flikt ]
/ əˈflɪkt /

verb (used with object)

to distress with mental or bodily pain; trouble greatly or grievously: to be afflicted with arthritis.
Obsolete.
  1. to overthrow; defeat.
  2. to humble.

Nearby words

  1. affix,
  2. affixation,
  3. affixture,
  4. afflated,
  5. afflatus,
  6. afflicted,
  7. afflicting,
  8. affliction,
  9. afflictive,
  10. afflictively

Origin of afflict

1350–1400; Middle English afflicten < Latin afflīctus distressed, past participle of afflīgere to cast down (af- af- + flīg- knock + -tus past participle suffix); replacing Middle English aflight < Middle French aflit < L. See inflict

Related forms
Can be confusedafflict infect inflict

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for afflicted


British Dictionary definitions for afflicted

afflict

/ (əˈflɪkt) /

verb

(tr) to cause suffering or unhappiness to; distress greatly
Derived Formsafflictive, adjective

Word Origin for afflict

C14: from Latin afflictus, past participle of afflīgere to knock against, from flīgere to knock, to strike

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for afflicted
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper