Dictionary.com
definitions
  • synonyms

afraid

[uh-freyd]
See more synonyms for afraid on Thesaurus.com
adjective
  1. feeling fear; filled with apprehension: afraid to go.
  2. feeling regret, unhappiness, or the like: I'm afraid we can't go on Monday.
  3. feeling reluctance, unwillingness, distaste, or the like: He seemed afraid to show his own children a little kindness.
Show More

Origin of afraid

variant spelling of affrayed, past participle of affray to disturb, frighten
Related formshalf-a·fraid, adjectiveun·a·fraid, adjective

Synonyms

See more synonyms for afraid on Thesaurus.com
1. scared, fearful, disquieted, apprehensive, timid, timorous.

Synonym study

1. Afraid, alarmed, frightened, terrified all indicate a state of fear. Afraid implies inner apprehensive disquiet: afraid of the dark. Alarmed implies that the feelings are aroused through realization of some imminent or unexpected danger to oneself or others: alarmed by (or about ) someone's illness. Frightened means shocked with sudden, but usually short-lived, fear, especially that arising from apprehension of physical harm: frightened by an accident. Terrified suggests the emotional reaction when one is struck with a violent, overwhelming fear: terrified by an earthquake.

Antonyms

1. bold, confident, fearless.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for afraid

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Philothea has glided from the apartment, as if afraid to remain in my presence.

    Philothea

    Lydia Maria Child

  • "I am afraid I should make a poor hand at it," said Mrs. Rushton, smiling.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • “I am afraid he is past ransom,” said the youth, shaking his head.

    The Armourer's Prentices

    Charlotte M. Yonge

  • That he is afraid to trust banks, and hides his money in the earth.

    Brave and Bold

    Horatio Alger

  • As for him—well caviare, I'm afraid, will always be caviare to Jimmy Nesbit.

    The Spenders

    Harry Leon Wilson


British Dictionary definitions for afraid

afraid

adjective (postpositive)
  1. (often foll by of) feeling fear or apprehension; frightenedhe was afraid of cats
  2. reluctant (to do something), as through fear or timidityhe was afraid to let himself go
  3. (often foll by that; used to lessen the effect of an unpleasant statement) regretfulI'm afraid that I shall have to tell you to go
Show More

Word Origin

C14: affraied, past participle of affray (to frighten)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for afraid

adj.

early 14c., originally past participle of afray "frighten," from Anglo-French afrayer, from Old French esfreer (see affray (n.)). A rare case of an English adjective that never stands before a noun. Because it was used in A.V. Bible, it acquired independent standing and thrived while affray faded, chasing out the once more common afeared. Sense in I'm afraid "I regret to say, I suspect" (without implication of fear) is first recorded 1590s.

Her blue affrayed eyes wide open shone [Keats, "The Eve of St. Agnes," 1820]
Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper