[ al-buh-niz-uh m ]
/ ˈæl bəˌnɪz əm /


the state or condition of being an albino.

Origin of albinism

First recorded in 1830–40; albin(o) + -ism
Related formsal·bi·nis·tic, adjective Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for albinism

Word Origin and History for albinism



1836; see albino + -ism. Alternative form albinoism is recorded from 1868.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for albinism


[ ălbə-nĭz′əm ]


Congenital absence of normal pigmentation or coloration in the eyes only or in the skin, hair, and eyes.
The condition of being an albino.
Related formsal′bi•notic (-nŏtĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for albinism


[ ăl-bīnō ]

An organism lacking normal pigmentation or coloration. Animals that are albinos lack pigmentation due to a congenital absence of melanin. In humans and other mammals, albinos have white hair, pale skin, and usually pinkish eyes. Plants that are albinos lack normal amounts of chlorophyll or other pigments.
Related formsalbinism noun (ălbə-nĭz′əm)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.