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aldehyde

[al-duh-hahyd]
noun Chemistry.
  1. any of a class of organic compounds containing the group −CHO, which yields acids when oxidized and alcohols when reduced.
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Origin of aldehyde

1840–50; < New Latin al(cohol) dehyd(rogenātum) dehydrogenated alcohol
Related formsal·de·hy·dic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for aldehyde

aldehyde

noun
  1. any organic compound containing the group -CHO. Aldehydes are oxidized to carboxylic acids and take part in many addition reactions
  2. (modifier) consisting of, containing, or concerned with the group -CHOaldehyde group or radical
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Derived Formsaldehydic (ˌældəˈhɪdɪk), adjective

Word Origin

C19: from New Latin al (cohol) dehyd (rogenātum) dehydrogenated alcohol
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for aldehyde

n.

first oxidation product of alcohol, 1833, discovered in 1774 by German-born Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1742-1786), the name said to have been coined by German chemist Justus von Liebig (1803-1873) from abbreviation of Modern Latin alcohol dehydrogenatum "dehydrogenated alcohol."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

aldehyde in Medicine

aldehyde

(ăldə-hīd′)
n.
  1. Any of a class of reactive organic chemical compounds obtained by oxidation of primary alcohols, characterized by the common group CHO, and used in the manufacture of resins, dyes, and organic acids.
  2. acetaldehyde
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

aldehyde in Science

aldehyde

[ăldə-hīd′]
  1. Any of a class of highly reactive organic compounds obtained by oxidation of certain alcohols and containing the group CHO. Aldehydes are used in manufacturing resins, dyes, and organic acids.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.