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alexander

[al-ig-zan-der, -zahn-]
noun (often initial capital letter)
  1. a cocktail made with crème de cacao with gin or brandy (brandy alexander) and sweet cream.
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Origin of alexander

First recorded in 1925–30; probably after the proper name

Alexander

[al-ig-zan-der, -zahn-]
noun
  1. Alexander the Great.
  2. Also Alexandros. Classical Mythology. Homeric name for Paris.
  3. Franz [frants, franz, frahnts] /frænts, frænz, frɑnts/, 1891–1964, U.S. psychoanalyst, born in Hungary.
  4. Grover Cleveland,1887–1950, U.S. baseball player.
  5. Sir Harold R. L. G.Alexander of Tunis, 1891–1969, English field marshal.
  6. Samuel,1859–1938, British philosopher.
  7. William,1726–83, general in the American Revolution.
  8. a male given name: from a Greek word meaning “defender of men.”
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Alexander I

noun
  1. Saint, pope a.d. 106?–115.
  2. Aleksandr Pavlovich, 1777–1825, czar of Russia 1801–25.
  3. Alexander ObrenovichorAleksandar Obrenović, 1876–1903, king of Serbia 1889–1903.
  4. 1888–1934, king of Yugoslavia 1921–34 (son of Peter I of Serbia).
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Alexander II

noun
  1. died 1073, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1061–1073.
  2. Aleksandr Nikolaevich, 1818–81, czar of Russia 1855–81.
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Alexander III

noun
  1. died 1181, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1159–81.
  2. Aleksandr Aleksandrovich, 1845–94, czar of Russia 1881–94.
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Alexander IV

noun
  1. Rinaldo Conti, died 1261, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1254–61.
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Alexander V

noun
  1. 1340?–1410, Cretan ecclesiastic: pope 1409–10.
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Alexander VI

noun
  1. Rodrigo Borgia, 1431?–1503, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1492–1503 (father of Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia).
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Alexander VII

noun
  1. Fabio Chigi, 1599–1667, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1655–67.
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Alexander VIII

noun
  1. Pietro Ottoboni, 1610–91, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1689–91.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for alexander

Alexander

noun
  1. Harold (Rupert Leofric George), Earl Alexander of Tunis. 1891–1969, British field marshal in World War II, who organized the retreat from Dunkirk and commanded in North Africa (1943) and Sicily and Italy (1944–45); governor general of Canada (1946–52); British minister of defence (1952–54)
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Alexander I

noun
  1. c. 1080–1124, king of Scotland (1107–24), son of Malcolm III
  2. 1777–1825, tsar of Russia (1801–25), who helped defeat Napoleon and formed the Holy Alliance (1815)
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Alexander II

noun
  1. 1198–1249, king of Scotland (1214–49), son of William (the Lion)
  2. 1818–81, tsar of Russia (1855–81), son of Nicholas I, who emancipated the serfs (1861). He was assassinated by the Nihilists
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Alexander III

noun
  1. 1241–86, king of Scotland (1249–86), son of Alexander II
  2. original name Orlando Bandinelli. died 1181, pope (1159–81), who excommunicated Barbarossa
  3. 1845–94, tsar of Russia (1881–94), son of Alexander II
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Alexander VI

noun
  1. original name Rodrigo Borgia. 1431–1503, pope (1492–1503): noted for his extravagance and immorality as well as for his patronage of the arts; father of Cesare and Lucrezia Borgia, with whom he is said to have committed incest
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for alexander

Alexander

masc. proper name, from Latin, from Greek Alexandros "defender of men," from alexein "to ward off, keep off, turn (something) away, defend, protect" + aner (genitive andros) "man" (see anthropo-). The first element is related to Greek alke "protection, help, strength, power, courage," alkimos "strong;" cognate with Sanskrit raksati "protects," Old English ealgian "to defend." As a kind of cocktail, it is attested from 1930.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper