[al-gong-kee-uh n, -kwee-uh n]
- a family of languages spoken now or formerly by American Indians in an area extending from Labrador westward to the Rocky Mountains, west-southwestward through Michigan and Illinois, and southwestward along the Atlantic coast to Cape Hatteras, including especially Arapaho, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Cree, Fox, Massachusett, Micmac, Ojibwa, and Powhatan.Compare family(def 14).
- a member of an Algonquian-speaking tribe.
- of or relating to Algonquian or its speakers.
Origin of Algonquian
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Examples from the Web for algonquian
These, with the exception of the Winnebago, were Algonquian tribes.
The hostility of the Algonquian tribes seems to have been the cause of the southward migration of the Iroquoian peoples.
The three linguistic families to be considered are the Algonquian, Siouan, and Caddoan.
The position of the village of the Algonquian Michigamea, who lived north of the Quapaw, has not been determined.
They were organised in many exogamous clans; descent was patrilineal although it was matrilineal in most Algonquian tribes.Man, Past and Present
Agustus Henry Keane
- a family of North American Indian languages whose speakers ranged over an area stretching from the Atlantic between Newfoundland and Delaware to the Rocky Mountains, including Micmac, Mahican, Ojibwa, Fox, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, and Shawnee. Some linguists relate it to Muskogean in a Macro-Algonquian phylum
- plural -ans or -an a member of any of the North American Indian peoples that speak one of these languages
- denoting, belonging to, or relating to this linguistic family or its speakers
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for algonquian
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper