[ al-gong-kee-uh n, -kwee-uh n ]
/ ælˈgɒŋ ki ən, -kwi ən /

noun, plural Al·gon·qui·ans, (especially collectively) Al·gon·qui·an for 2.

a family of languages spoken now or formerly by American Indians in an area extending from Labrador westward to the Rocky Mountains, west-southwestward through Michigan and Illinois, and southwestward along the Atlantic coast to Cape Hatteras, including especially Arapaho, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Cree, Fox, Massachusett, Micmac, Ojibwa, and Powhatan.Compare family(def 14).
a member of an Algonquian-speaking tribe.


of or relating to Algonquian or its speakers.

Origin of Algonquian

An Americanism dating back to 1885–90; Algonqui(n) + -an Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020

Examples from the Web for algonquian

British Dictionary definitions for algonquian



/ (ælˈɡɒŋkɪən, -kwɪ-) /


a family of North American Indian languages whose speakers ranged over an area stretching from the Atlantic between Newfoundland and Delaware to the Rocky Mountains, including Micmac, Mahican, Ojibwa, Fox, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, and Shawnee. Some linguists relate it to Muskogean in a Macro-Algonquian phylum
plural -ans or -an a member of any of the North American Indian peoples that speak one of these languages


denoting, belonging to, or relating to this linguistic family or its speakers
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012